Fusion Energy

China produces key component for nuclear fusion facility


  • A world-class ion cyclotron resonant heating(ICRH) antenna, a key part of nuclear fusion facility, was delivered to a French institute in Anhui Province on Monday. The antenna was manufactured by the Chinese Academy of Sciences institute of plasma physics (ASIPP), and delivered to the Institute for Magnetic Fusion Research (IRFM) under French Alternative Energies and Atomic Energy Commission (CEA). The antenna, which has reached French nuclear power standard, will be used to heat plasma for the IRFM Wolfram Environment in Steady-state Tokamak (WEST), said Song Yuntao, deputy director of ASIPP.


China’s ‘man-made sun’ sees ground-breaking progress

February 5, 2016

  • A team of Chinese scientists in Hefei, capital city of east Anhui province, has made an unprecedented breakthrough on an energy generation device that will bring it one step closer to transforming energy into stable, sustainable and controllable resources. Towards the end of January, the Experimental Advanced Superconducting Tokamak (EAST) fusion device, nicknamed “artificial sun”, made a 102-second-long pulse plasma discharge at a central electron temperature of 50 million degrees-plus, the People’s Daily reported on Friday.


China completes large nuclear fusion device, says it is catching up with US

April 18, 2015

  • Nuclear fusion is at the forefront of high technology. It will enable the human race to generate more than enough energy without using fossil fuel However, it is very difficult to control such fusion. As a result, for several decades, scientists always say that we, the human race, are 25 years away from the era when we are able to control nuclear fusion. In the past, the competition in the race to achieve controlled nuclear fusion was between the US and the Soviet Union, but now it is between the US and China, as China has become the second largest investor in that technology.


‘T-rays’ to shed light on nuclear fusion

October 9, 2014

  • In the race to secure clean energy in the future, Lancaster University Engineers are reinventing a piece of technology which so far has only been used in labs to diagnose cancer, detect explosives, and even analyse grand artistic masterpieces. Funded by the Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council, the £450,000 research project brings together an international team of researchers including the University of Leeds, the University of California Davis, US, and the Beijing Vacuum Electronics Research Institute, China.


Moon Power: China’s Pursuit of Lunar Helium-3

June 16, 2014

  • As the world’s largest energy consumer, China is deeply aware of the imperative of addressing its energy trilemma – how to simultaneously achieve and balance energy security, energy equity (access and affordability), and environmental sustainability – in the coming decades, and is determined to develop clean and unconventional power to quench its thirst for energy. Indeed, powering an economy the size of China’s, especially by mid-century, solely by burning massive quantities of finite fossil fuels and relying on conventional nuclear power is not a viable option. For this reason, China is devoting considerable resources to the most futuristic and elusive of unconventional energies: nuclear fusion.


Fusion Power, China, and Political Will


  • At The New Yorker, Raffi Khatchadourian mounts a long exploration of the International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor and the quagmire of bureaucratic, political and technical difficulties surrounding it. China’s need for and work towards fusion power appears on the fringes of his story. The Hefei facility—the EAST, or Experimental Advanced Superconducting Tokamak (itself, Khatchadourian explains, short for the Russian toroidalnaya kamera s aksialnym magnitnym polem, or “toroidal chamber with axial magnetic field”)—achieved a major advance in plasma containment time last last year. Although mentioned only a handful of times in Khatchadourian’s piece, China’s efforts cast a long shadow over it in light of ITER’s litany of stops and false starts and the “hare and tortoise” progress of the Chinese space program.


America’s Fusion Race With China Is Heating Up, So Why Is Washington Going Cold?

February 14, 2014

  • First, there are actually two types of fusion: inertial and magnetic. Hurricane’s paper demonstrating fusion with lasers involves the inertial type. The other type of fusion, also called magnetic confinement fusion, uses hot gas encased in a giant ring to squish atoms together to produce energy. While the U.S. has several ongoing magnetic fusion projects, so do many other countries. And China hosts one of the most significant magnetic fusion centers in the world, the HT-7 Tokamak facility in the city if Hefei. “The Chinese are training 2,000 scientists to take advantage of the gains in international research [into fusion],” Andrew Holland of the American Security Project said. “Similar things are happening in Russia and South Korea. The U.S. is very much in danger of being left behind.”


Conceptual Design Activities of FDS Series Fusion Power Plants in China


Fusion reactor achieves tenfold increase in plasma confinement time

Nov 18 2013

  • The promise of fusion is immense. Its fuel is hydrogen plasma, made from the most abundant atom in the Universe, and the major byproduct is helium, an inert gas. In this era with the threat of climate change, clean alternative sources of energy are more necessary than ever. However, even after decades of research and enormous investments of money, scientists haven’t succeeded in producing a working nuclear fusion plant. Nevertheless, many feel the potential payoff is worth continued investment.
  • For that reason, work is proceeding apace on the next generation of fusion reactors. Researchers at the Experimental Advanced Superconducting Tokamak (EAST) in Hefei, China, achieved a significant improvement in its confinement time and the density of the plasma it held. This step is necessary to maintain the appropriate conditions for fusion as well as to reduce the damage the hot plasma causes to the reactor walls. As described by J. Li and colleagues, the latest run at EAST achieved a plasma pulse lasting over 30 seconds, a record achievement that simultaneously demonstrated improvements in heat dispersal.


Wikileaked Cables from Beijing Reveal China’s Pursuit of Fusion Power, Teleportation


  • One confidential diplomatic cable sent from the Beijing Embassy to Washington in February suggests China is doing big things at the small scale. For one, China is aggressively expanding its nuclear energy resources, with plans to open at least 70 nuclear plants in the next decade. More interestingly, the Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS) is pouring research funding into its Institute of Plasma Physics (IPP) to conduct ongoing research into nuclear fusion.
  • Apparently China has been hard at work on its Experimental Advanced Superconducting Tokamak (EAST) reactor, which is designed to sustain a controlled fusion reaction that can go on indefinitely at high temperatures. In 2009, researchers apparently sustained a 18-million-degree reaction for 400 seconds, and a 180-million-degree reaction for 60 seconds. Their goal for 2010 was to sustain a 180-million-degree reaction for more than 400 seconds, though it’s unclear if they achieved that. Moreover, IPP is apparently conducting research on hybrid fission-fusion reactors, though details are slim.
  • China’s sci-tech ambitions don’t stop there. While the evidence is anecdotal, the embassy seems to think the Chinese are pulling ahead in fields like quantum communications and even teleportation. To quote one diplomat’s description of a trip to the University of Science and Technology of China (USTC) in Hefei: “A cursory walk through their labs seemed to indicate they had already succeeded in single-particle quantum teleportation and are now trying to conduct dual-particle quantum teleportation.”


Chinese-UK agreements will advance drive towards fusion power

September 2nd, 2013

  • Culham Centre for Fusion Energy (CCFE) has signed two Memoranda of Understanding for co-operation with Chinese scientific institutes, in the interests of pursuing research into nuclear fusion.
  • Tom Todd, Chief Technologist at CCFE, said: “We are pleased to link up with four of China’s leading institutes to take this research forward. Both countries have dynamic fusion programmes and are closely involved in the international ITER experiment, a vital step towards commercial fusion power. China has been investing heavily in fusion in recent years, and we in the UK have considerable expertise, demonstrated in operating world-leading tokamaks at Culham. Working together on some of the main science issues will be of mutual benefit and will boost the global drive to put fusion power on the grid.”


Special report: In China the big nuclear question is “how soon”?

May 3, 2011

  • (Reuters) – The congenial Professor Duan Xuru doesn’t look like a stereotypical mad scientist as he shows guests into a cluttered laboratory filled with canisters, vacuum pumps and patched-up pipes tied together with spirals of blue wire and rubber tubing. But Duan, based in the southwest Chinese city of Chengdu, is working on an audacious project described as a “man-made sun”. He hopes it will eventually create almost unlimited supplies of cheap and clean energy.
  • While Germany and Italy have turned their backs on nuclear power, China is pressing ahead with an ambitious plan to raise capacity from 10.8 gigawatts at the end of 2010 to as much as 70 or 80 GW in 2020.
  • For the first time in years, China’s bullish nuclear firms were on the back foot. Tang Hongju, the head of the nuclear division of the Chengdu-based Dongfang Electric, one of China’s biggest nuclear equipment manufacturers, tried gamely to put it in the best light.
  • “With the transfer of technology, the Chinese will have the wherewithal to move ahead with similar designs, and by the time they get to unit 10 they are going to be pretty much self-sufficient,” said Heymer of the Nuclear Energy Institute.


China Cranks Up Heat on Nuclear Fusion

May 26, 2011

  • Chinese engineers and scientists are currently responsible for building components such as heating, diagnostic and remote maintenance equipment for the project, as well as transporting it to Cadarache in the south of France, where the ITER reactor will be built.
  • An April guideline issued jointly by China’s Ministry of Science and Technology, the Ministry of Education, the Chinese Academy of Sciences and the China National Nuclear Corp. recommends the government subsidize at least 200 researchers who intend to pursue doctorates in magnetic controlled fusion. Currently there are 1,254 researchers have been involved with magnetic controlled fusion-related projects in China, according to the China Daily report.


China to train 2,000 nuclear fusion experts


  • BEIJING, May 26 (Xinhuanet) — China is planning to train 2,000 skilled experts to carry out research and development into a promising form of nuclear fusion that could become a major new source of power. The scientists and technicians will lead the nation’s exploration of magnetic confinement fusion (MCF) and be trained during the next 10 years, said the Ministry of Science and Technology. “China is trying to dispatch more qualified scientists to work on the International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor (ITER) in France,” said Cao Jianlin, vice-minister of science and technology.


Experimental Advanced Superconducting Tokamak

  • The Experimental Advanced Superconducting Tokamak (EAST, internal designation HT-7U) is an experimental superconducting tokamak magnetic fusion energy reactor in Hefei, the capital city of Anhui Province, in eastern China. The experiment is being conducted by the Hefei-based Institute of Plasma Physics under the Chinese Academy of Sciences. The project was proposed in 1996 and approved in 1998. According to a 2003 schedule,[1][dead link] buildings and site facilities were to be constructed by 2003, and tokamak assembly to take place from 2003 through 2005.


First Experiment of China’s and the US’s Nuclear Fusion Reactor Succeeds


  • Chinese and American scientists have successfully conducted their first joint test of two fusion reactors. The experiment on the Experimental Advanced Superconducting Tokamak (EAST), a fusion energy reactor built by Hefei Institutes of Physical Science, Chinese Academy of Sciences, and the DIII-D, a tokamak machine developed by General Atomics in the USA, found that it’s feasible for a tokamak fully relying on bootstrap current and non-induced current to run in a high-performance and steady way, Anhui Daily reported, citing the Hefei-based institute.


China claims fusion reactor test a success


  • BEIJING — Scientists on Thursday carried out China’s first successful test of an experimental fusion reactor, powered by the process that fuels the sun, a research institute spokeswoman said.


International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor

  • ITER (originally an acronym of International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor and Latin for “the way” or “the road”) is an international nuclear fusion research and engineering project, which is currently building the world’s largest experimental tokamak nuclear fusion reactor at the Cadarache facility in the south of France.[1] The ITER project aims to make the long-awaited transition from experimental studies of plasma physics to full-scale electricity-producing fusion power plants. The project is funded and run by seven member entities — the European Union (EU), India, Japan, China, Russia, South Korea and the United States. The EU, as host party for the ITER complex, is contributing 45% of the cost, with the other six parties contributing 9% each.[2][3][4]


China is closing to make its “artificial sun”


  • On Jan 5th, Heifei Insititute of Physical Science Chinese Academy of Sciences (CASHIPS) announces that its “big science projects”: EAST (Experimental Advanced Superconducting Tokamak) or so-called “artificial sun” has obtained a significant experimental results. The auxiliary heating neutral beam injection (NBI) system works successfully to 100 seconds long pulses hydrogen neutral beam extraction in the integrated test platform, initially verify the system’s ability to operate in long pulse.