China and Iran

Iran, China warn against foreign intervention in Syria

Apr 27, 2016

  • Iran and China have warned against any foreign intervention in Syria, stressing that the future of the war-hit country must be decided only by its people. The warning on Tuesday came after President Barack Obama said the US was sending 250 additional special forces Syria. “No foreign power must interfere in issues related to Syria’s future. We must allow the Syrian people to decide for themselves about writing a new constitution and choosing a president,” China’s envoy for Syria Xie Xiaoyan said.

China-Iran: Common Grounds For Cooperation – Analysis

April 1, 2016

  • The China-Iran bilateral relationship is unique primarily due to the level of trust both parties share. This kind of trust is absent between Iran and other partner countries. There are several instances where both have weighed favourably towards the other at regional and global platforms – this includes the period of international economic sanctions against Iran. Here, both the willingness and capability of states to act a certain way count.

Iran, China and the Silk Road Train

March 30, 2016

  • The freight train from China that pulled into Tehran a little over a month ago created history by becoming the first train to revive the ancient Silk Route between China and Iran. Ferrying 32 containers of cargo, it left Yiwu in China’s eastern Zhejiang province on January 2, snaking its way through Kazakhstan and Turkmenistan before entering Iran. It took the train 14 days to cover the roughly 10,399 km long journey to Tehran.

China to provide Iran with $20bn finance

13 February 2016

  • Head of Iran-China Chamber of Commerce has announced that 20 billion dollars of new Chinese finance will be dedicated in the coming years. Asadollah Askaroladi said “Iran-China political and business interactions in recent months have brought about a number of promising outcomes in the Iranian economy and 20 billion dollars of Chinese finance will be opened in Iran.”

China Deepens Its Footprint in Iran After Lifting of Sanctions

JAN. 24, 2016

  • Rising from the yellowish, treeless plains so typical for central Iran stands a square labyrinth of pipes and conveyor belts, topped by a silver chimney that glitters in the summer sun. Sanctions against Iran failed to halt the construction of the complex, a steel mill that went into operation in September and now churns out ingots and billets. The sanctions also did not stop Sheng Kuan Li, a Chinese businessman, from pouring $200 million into the project.

China and Iran relations enter ‘new chapter,’ strategic ties to be expanded

23 Jan, 2016

  • President Xi Jinping’s visit to Iran – the first by a Chinese leader in 14 years – has resulted in 17 agreements being signed between the two countries, with Iran’s President Hassan Rouhani saying this opens a new chapter in their relations. The negotiations between Rouhani and his Chinese counterpart ended Saturday with the signing of 17 accords and agreements, including a number aimed at creating a modern version of the ancient Silk Road trade route, as well as cooperation in developing peaceful nuclear energy.

Khamenei calls for security cooperation with China, says U.S. not to be trusted

Jan. 23, 2016

  • DUBAI: Iran’s Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei called on Saturday for closer economic and security ties with China, saying both countries could be reliable partners, especially in energy. “Iran is the most reliable country in the region for energy since its energy policies will never be affected by foreigners,” Khamenei was quoted as saying by his official website at a meeting with Chinese President Xi Jinping. Khamenei said the United States was “not honest” in the fight against terrorism in the region, and asked for more cooperation between Iran and China.

China, Russia to Help Iran Build New Nuclear Facilities

January 20, 2016

  • The Iran nuclear deal calls on Tehran’s negotiating partners to help develop its civil nuclear program, and longstanding allies Russia and China have wasted little time in offering to do so. The head of Iran’s atomic energy organization, Ali Akbar Salehi, said Tuesday that Iran plans to move ahead with the construction of two new nuclear power plants, with the help of China, and two others with Russian assistance.

Iran calls on China to step up contribution to anti-Daesh fight

Dec 24, 2015

  • A senior Iranian official has called on China to increase its contribution to the fight against Daesh Takfiri terrorists. “By becoming more active in practical combat against Daesh, China can greatly contribute to peace and stability in the region,” Mohsen Rezaei said in a Thursday meeting with a visiting delegation from the Communist Party of China.

Iran, China to boost media ties

22 December 2015

  • A media delegation from the Islamic Republic of Iran is in China to enhance media related relations. The delegation includes a group of editor in chiefs, editors as well as manager of Iran’s media which traveled to China upon the invitation of China Journalists Association and to expand media relations. The Iranian representatives met China’s Ministry of Foreign Affairs’ Director-General of Western Asia and North Africa Deng Li today in the ministry as well as Iran’s ambassador to China Ali Asghar Khaji in the Iranian Embassy.

China, Iran vow to deepen strategic cooperation


  • China and Iran pledged Wednesday to deepen the strategic cooperation between the two countries. The pledge came as Chinese Foreign Minister Wang Yi met with his Iranian counterpart Mohammad-Javad Zarif on the sidelines of the ministerial meeting of the Heart of Asia-Istanbul Process. During their meeting, Wang Yi said the China-Iran relations possess important and strategic connotations and a solid foundation has been laid for bilateral cooperation with mutual trust getting deepened.

Iran gives Chinese companies priority in development of oil fields


  • Iran has given priority to China National Petroleum Corp. for the second phase of the development of its onshore North Azadegan oil field, a senior Iranian oil official said. Speaking ahead of the launch of Iran’s new petroleum contract in Tehran Saturday, state-owned National Iranian Oil Company’s Managing Director Rokneddin Javadi outlined CNPC’s extended involvement in the field. “Based on the original contract of North Azadegan with China’s CNPC, the company has been given priority to carry out the second phase of the development of the field,” Javadi said.

Joint military drill necessary for Iran, China

5 November 2015

  • The commander of the Air Force of the Islamic Republic of Iran’s Army is in Beijing for a visit to Chinese army and discuss and sign joint agreements between two armies. Brig. Gen. Hassan Shah-Safi and General Xu Qiliang, the deputy-executive of Central Military Commission of the People’s Republic of China met on Wednesday in Beijing. Both commanders expressed willingness to cooperate in different fields of interest.

China wants to step up military cooperation with Iran’s air force

Nov. 2, 2015

  • China wants to step up cooperation with Iran’s air force, the head of the Chinese air force told his Iranian counterpart on Monday, the latest in a series of high-level military contacts. Ma Xiaotian told Hassan Shah Safi that relations between the two air forces had developed smoothly. “(We) hope that cooperation can go up another level,” Ma said, according to a statement issued by China’s Defence Ministry, which did not elaborate.

Iran Should Seize China’s Market Opportunities: Attaché

October, 31, 2015

  • Iran’s commercial attaché in China lamented a lack of proper knowledge of the export opportunities available to the Iranian companies in the Asian economic giant, saying Iran lags even behind Afghanistan in terms of exports to China. Speaking to the Tasnim News Agency, Seyed Reza Seyed Aqazadeh said China is an ideal destination for the export of consumer, intermediate and capital goods, but Iranians have little knowledge of China’s market and have focused on a limited section of that lucrative market.

Chinese admiral visits Iran, wants closer defense cooperation

Oct 14, 2015

  • China wants to deepen military ties with Iran, a senior Chinese admiral was quoted as saying on Thursday after a meeting with Iran’s defense minister in Tehran. Admiral Sun Jianguo, deputy chief of staff of the People’s Liberation Army, told Iranian Defence Minister Hossein Dehghan that China paid great attention to developing relations with Iran, China’s Defence Ministry said.

Iran wants China in Chabahar development

Oct 8, 2015

  • Iran says it welcomes China’s investments in the development of Chabahar port in its southeastern Sistant-and-Baluchestan province. Sistant-and-Baluchestan Governor General Ali Oset-Hashemi has emphasized that the Chinese enterprises can participate in a series of projects in Chabahar including the development of its rail network as well as the key petrochemical and steel projects. “Iran stands ready to provide lucrative business opportunities to the countries that stood by it during hard times,” Oset-Hashemi told a Chinese business delegation that was visiting Chabahar to inspect its investment potentials.

Iran, China to co-produce ‘Superhero’

7 October 2015

  • Calling joint production in animation industry as a great achievement for the Iranian cinema, Film producer Mohammad Reza Abolhassani announced the upcoming production of the animated film ‘Superhero’ in collaboration with China.

China and Iran are getting cozy

Sep. 29, 2015

  • China will prioritize its energy and financial cooperation with Iran, as the recent nuclear deal means there is now even more opportunity to work together, Chinese President Xi Jinping told his Iranian counterpart Hassan Rouhani. China and Iran have close diplomatic, economic, trade and energy ties, and China has been active in pushing both the United States and Iran to reach agreement on the nuclear issue.

Xi says China-Iran cooperation faces new opportunities


  • Chinese President Xi Jinping met here Monday with his Iranian counterpart, Hassan Rouhani, and pledged to further boost bilateral cooperation following the conclusion of a comprehensive Iranian nuclear deal. After the deal is implemented, Iran will face more opportunities for cooperation with other countries, Xi said, adding that the China-Iran relationship faces new development opportunities as well. China attaches great importance to its relations with Iran, and the foundation of bilateral friendship and cooperation has grown ever stronger since the two countries established diplomatic ties more than 40 years ago, he added.

China offers Iran technical upgrades to boost economy

Sep 24, 2015

  • A senior Chinese official has offered Iran help with upgrading its manufacturing technology to boost its economy, saying that the two countries are good partners who have weathered many storms together, the government said on Thursday. Zhang Yi, head of the State-owned Assets Supervision and Administration Commission, is in Iran on a three-day trip as a special envoy of the Chinese government. The commission is a ministry-level body that directly oversees 112 central government industrial and service conglomerates.

China, Iran Consider Establishing Strategic Partnership

Sep 15, 2015

  • China and Iran agreed to launch consultations on establishing a strategic partnership, the two countries’ foreign ministers said following talks in Beijing on Tuesday. The consideration of establishing strategic partnership is seen as an effort to further lift bilateral ties. Chinese Foreign Minister Wang Yi described the two countries’ relationship as “entering a new stage” as the recent nuclear deal signed by Iran had opened up new prospects for cooperation between China and Iran.

Iran says wants China’s help to resolve Middle East tensions

Sep 15, 2015

  • Iran wants China’s help to resolve tensions and unrest in the Middle East and is ready to play host to more Chinese firms once sanctions against it are lifted, Iran’s foreign minister said on Tuesday China and Iran have close diplomatic, economic, trade and energy ties, and China has been active in pushing both the United states and Iran to reach agreement on Iran’s nuclear program.

Three Iranian productions to take part in Chinese filmfest

Sep 14, 2015

  • Three Iranian productions are set to compete at the 2015 edition of China’s Golden Rooster and Hundred Flowers Film Festival. Narges Abyar’s ‘Track 143,’ Hamid-Reza Qorbani’s ‘Three Fish’ and Fayyaz Mousavi’s ‘Story of My Father’s Bike and Me’ will take part in the international competition section of the annual event. ‘Track 143’ is a screen adaptation of Abyar’s novel titled ‘The Third Eye’ that narrates a story of a woman during the 1980-1988 Iraq-Iran war.

China ready to build “large” power plants in Iran

31 August 2015

  • Spokesman of the Atomic Energy Organization of Iran (AEOI) Behrouz Kamalvandi in a radio interview on Sunday touched upon the objectives of the AEOI head Ali Akbar Salehi’s recent visit to China, saying “there are heavy water reactors in China and the two sides discussed it in length. They also held talks on common grounds for the construction of power plants as well as other bilateral issues in this respect.”

Iran to Ramp Up Across the Board Cooperation With China


  • Iran views China as a major partner in the aftermath of the nuclear deal reached in Vienna last month, Iran’s President Hassan Rouhani said on Saturday. I have had several meetings with the Chinese president, including the one we had during the Shanghai conference, where we held comprehensive discussions. We also met in Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan and during a recent trip to Russia,” Rouhani told the Xinhua reporter at a news conference in Tehran.

China is taking charge of a key element in Iran’s nuclear deal

Aug. 29, 2015

  • Iranian Vice-President Ali Akbar Salehi, who is also head of the country’s Atomic Energy Organisation, on Friday said China would play “a leading role” in redesigning the Arak heavy-water reactor to significantly reduce its plutonium output.

Here comes the China-Iran alliance

Aug. 27, 2015

  • The main pillar of the economic and strategic partnership between Iran and the China lies in Iran’s abundance of energy resources, an important asset for Beijing’s energy security strategy. Without Beijing’s investments, the effect of harsh economic sanctions from the United States and other state actors would have seriously affected Iran’s economy and its strategic capability in the region. The removal of sanctions will boost Beijing’s capacity to increase the level of heavy crude oil supplied by Iran through the implantation of the infrastructure needed to produce and refine it.

Experts say Chinese J-10s fighter jet would benefit Iran

Monday, Aug 17, 2015

  • The China-made J-10 multi-role fighter jet is a suitable choice for Iran if the Middle East power decides to upgrade its aging military aircraft fleet, Chinese aviation experts said. “Once the sanctions against Iran are completely lifted, the country will definitely renovate its civilian and military aircraft fleets. The J-10 is a good option for the Iranians because it can fulfil all operations they want to conduct,” said Wang Ya’nan, deputy editor-in-chief of Aerospace Knowledge magazine.

Iran to build nuclear complexes with China and Russia

August 16, 2015

  • TEHRAN – Iran is planning to build complexes for production of nuclear fuel with the cooperation of Russia and China, Iran’s nuclear chief announced on Saturday.

Iran to get Chinese J-10 fighters in return for oil rights

Staff Reporter 2015-08-05

  • Iran will become the second overseas user of Chengdu Aircraft Industry Group’s J-10 fighter without paying a dollar to China by signing a contract to allow Beijing to exploit its largest oilfield over the next 20 years, according to our sister paper Want Daily.

Reshuffling Eurasia’s energy deck — Iran, China and Pipelineistan: Escobar

By Pepe Escobar on July 31, 2015

  • Now, Pakistan’s Minister of Petroleum and Natural Resources Shahid Khaqan Abbasi swears IP is a go. The Iranian stretch of the 1,800-kilometer pipeline has already been built. IP originates in the massive South Pars gas fields – the largest in the world – and ends in the Pakistani city of Nawabshah, close to Karachi. The geopolitical significance of this steel umbilical cord linking Iran and Pakistan couldn’t be more graphic.
  • China is financing the Pakistani stretch of IP. And for a very serious reason; IP, for which Gwadar is a key hub, is essential in a much larger long game; the $46 billion China-Pakistan economic corridor, which will ultimately link Xinjiang to the Persian Gulf via Pakistan. Yes, once again, we’re right into New Silk Road(s) territory.

China state firms to start pumping new oil in Iran

By Chen Aizhu Jul 31, 2015

  • BEIJING, July 31 China’s state oil giants are set to start pumping a combined 160,000 barrels a day at two projects in southwestern Iran from around October, company sources said, contributing to Tehran’s plan to boost output ahead of sanctions being lifted.

China’s Iran oil imports hit two-month high in June: customs

BEIJING | By Adam Rose Tue Jul 21, 2015

  • China’s crude oil imports from Iran rose in June to a two-month high, customs data showed on Tuesday, just as the Islamic nation begins to look ahead to ramping up its exports in the wake of last week’s nuclear deal.

China eyes trade, Silk Road projects with Iran as sanctions go

Press Trust of India | Beijing July 15, 2015

  • Buoyed by the historic nuclear deal reached between world powers and Iran, China is eyeing big openings for trade and the ambitious Silk Road projects with the Islamic Republic as the economic sanctions that isolated the country are set to go. The deal struck between the six world powers — the US, UK, France, China, Russia and Germany — and Iran yesterday in Vienna will enable a revitalised sanction-free Iran to boost trade and cooperation with China, analysts said.

Iran president hopes for enhanced ties with China

Thu Jul 9, 2015

  • Iranian President Hassan Rouhani has welcomed the expansion of ties with China, expressing hope for enhanced cooperation between Tehran and Beijing in political and economic fields.
  • “Fortunately an accelerated momentum is taking shape in the relations between the two countries and I hope that the plan for the development of political cooperation between the two states … will go ahead at this pace,” he said.

Iran, China to Boost Economic Cooperation

June, 30, 2015

  • TEHRAN (Tasnim) – Iran’s Minister of Economic Affairs and Finance Ali Tayyebnia and his Chinese counterpart, Lou Jiwei, explored avenues for promotion of mutual cooperation between the two Asian countries in diverse economic areas. Speaking to reporters after the meeting held in Beijing on Monday, Tayyebnia descried Iran-China relations as friendly, saying that the two sides have good cooperation in various fields and the meeting was an emphasis on further cooperation in the area of economy.

Cash for Oil: China and Iran Strike New Oil Payment Plan

By Tim Daiss on June 11, 2015 at 11:00 AM

  • Oil and gas deals between China and Iran are set to change. Last week, several news agencies in the region, including the Iran Daily and Trend News Agency said that Iran and China have agreed that China would pay in cash for the oil and gas it buys from Iran. China is currently the biggest buyer of Iranian crude oil, purchasing more than 440,000 barrels per day (b/d), but Tehran imports goods instead of receiving cash from these sales. The Iran Daily said that Iran can sell about one million b/d of oil under a preliminary nuclear agreement but the country has to use a maze of routes to receive its money. The two countries reached an agreement on payments partly in cash and the transfer of money to a third country to pay for imports.


Cash for Oil: China and Iran Strike New Oil Payment Plan

By Tim Daiss on June 11, 2015

  • Oil and gas deals between China and Iran are set to change. Last week, several news agencies in the region, including the Iran Daily and Trend News Agency said that Iran and China have agreed that China would pay in cash for the oil and gas it buys from Iran. China is currently the biggest buyer of Iranian crude oil, purchasing more than 440,000 barrels per day (b/d), but Tehran imports goods instead of receiving cash from these sales. The Iran Daily said that Iran can sell about one million b/d of oil under a preliminary nuclear agreement but the country has to use a maze of routes to receive its money. The two countries reached an agreement on payments partly in cash and the transfer of money to a third country to pay for imports. “We wanted to transfer part of the export earnings to other countries, such as South Korea and Japan, to pay for imports or receive it in cash. Hence, consultations were made and an agreement was reached in this respect,” said Asadollah Asgaroladi, chairman of the Iran-China Chamber of Commerce. “Under the new agreement with Chinese authorities, it was decided that after a commission rebate, the balance of the oil and gas exports earnings is returned to Iran,” Asgaroladi said.

Velayati: Iran Seeks Closer Military Ties with China

Mon Jun 08, 2015

  • “It is right for China, as a great power, to do that. You see the United States is also sending its military vessels everywhere. It is China’s right to send its military vessels,” Velayati said in an interview with the South China Morning Post. He further added that the two states might conduct more port calls because of China’s growing commercial interests. “We have to support the transshipment of goods between Iran and other countries. The same right applies to China. It is the right of a country to defend its own transshipment of goods,” the Iranian official underscored. Elsewhere, Velayati called on Beijing to play bigger role in Iran nuclear talks with other world powers. “China and Russia have had a moderate position in the negotiation,” the adviser said. “If the Chinese position is more active, it will affect the continuation of the positive result of the talks,” he pointed out.

Beijing seeks strategic relations with Tehran: China FM

Fri Jun 5, 2015

  • Chinese Foreign Minister Wang Yi has voiced satisfaction with the enhancement of the bilateral relations between Tehran and Beijing in recent years, saying that his country seeks the establishment of “strategic” ties with the Islamic Republic. Speaking in a meeting with Iranian Foreign Minister Mohammad Javad Zarif in the Russian capital, Moscow, on Thursday, Wang said the growth in the Sino-Iran relations in recent years has been acceptable, noting that the development of friendly ties and interactions with Iran has always been among the “strategic issues” that Beijing has had high on its agenda, IRNA reported. The meeting was held on the sidelines of the summit of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) Council of Ministers of Foreign Affairs and the High-level “Security and Stability in the SCO Region” Conference.

Iran, China work to resurrect Silk Road

Thu Jun 4, 2015

  • Iran is participating in an ambitious Chinese plan to revive the Silk Road which aims to connect Asia to Europe and Africa through a network of roads, railways, ports and airports. Deputy Economy Minister Massoud Karbasian says Iran will turn to a transit route for more than 12 million tonnes of goods a year if the Silk Road Economic Belt and the Maritime Silk Road come to life. The initiative is the brainchild of Chinese President Xi Jinping who has hoped it would annually create more than $2.5 trillion of trade among the countries in a decade. Beijing says it already has more than 50 countries on board to implement the project. It has opened an initial $40 billion fund with an additional gold-related kitty expected to raise $16 billion in investment for infrastructure.

China’s Iran Oil Imports in April at 11-Month High

Fri May 22, 2015

  • China’s April imports from Iran were well above from the 2014 average of 550,000 bpd, Reuters reported. Iran is currently China’s third largest supplier of crude, providing Beijing with roughly 12 percent of its total annual oil consumption. China imported a record amount of crude oil from Iran in the first half of 2014 amid a loosening of sanctions against Tehran, further increasing Beijing’s reliance on the Middle-East oil supplies.

Iran, China to further research cooperation

Sun 3 May 2015

  • TEHRAN, May. 03 (MNA) – Iran’s minister of science, research, and technology has emphasized on development of research and scientific ties with China. Meeting with head of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Iran’s Minister of Sceince, Research and Technology Dr. Mohammad Farhadi pointed to Iran-China positive economic and political relations and declared the tendency of the ministry to boost and reinforce ties with Chinese universities and research centers. He also underlined establishing Chinese language courses in Iran and developing Persian language learning courses and seats in China as a possible field of cooperation between Iran Ministry of Science and Chinese Academy of Sciences. “Iranian universities are among the outstanding regional and international centers and we are keen to improve relations with China on fields of science, research and technology,” Farhadi emphasized.

Pakistan gas deal: Iran backs China’s inclusion

Atul Aneja Updated: April 25, 2015

  • Iran has jumped decisively on the “belt and road” bandwagon, flagging its interest in linking China with its proposed natural gas pipeline to Pakistan. “I don’t think it’s too far away [for] this pipeline to be extended to China through Pakistan. That is something that would be of common interest to Iran, China and Pakistan,” Iran’s ambassador to China Ali Asghar Khaji told South China Morning Post. Iran’s Press TV is reporting that China has signed an initial agreement to construct the pipeline from Gwadar to Nawabshah in the southwest of Pakistan, during President Xi Jinping’s visit to Pakistan, which concluded earlier this week. Gwadar is also the starting point of the China-Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC) which was formally inaugurated during the presidential visit. The CPEC will terminate in China’s Xinjiang province which is already an energy hub from where imported gas from Central Asia is channeled to China’s industrial heartland along the coast.

Iran Defense Min: US, Israel dare not attack, they would have if they could

Did a Chinese-Russian-Iranian coalition opposing NATO debut in Moscow?

Mahdi Darius Nazemroaya Published time: April 23, 2015

  • The Moscow Conference on International Security in April was used as a venue to give notice to the US and NATO that other world powers will not let it do as it pleases. Talk about joint efforts between China, India, Russia and Iran against NATO expansion were augmented with plans for tripartite military talks between Beijing, Moscow, and Tehran. Defense ministers and military officials from all over the world gathered on April 16 at the landmark Radisson Royal or Hotel Ukraina, one of the best pieces of Soviet architecture in Moscow, which is known as one of the “Seven Sisters” that were constructed during Joseph Stalin’s time. The two-day event hosted by the Russian Defense Ministry was the fourth annual Moscow Conference on International Security (MCIS).

A happy customer: China invested $21 billion in Iran’s oil sector

Published April 19th, 2015

  • Iranian Deputy Oil Minister Abbas Sheri Moqaddam has said that China has so far invested €20 billion ($21 billion) in the country’s oil industry. Pointing to Chinese oil minister’s recent trip to Iran, Moqaddam said that Chinese banks are investigating a plan to finance Iranian projects at three times the amount of money Iran has in China, Fars news agency reported April 17. He further explained that so far, the relation of China’s investment in Iranian oil projects to the Iranian money in China has been a 1-1 correspondence.

China Welcomes Trilateral Defense Meeting with Iran, Russia

April 18, 2015

  • TEHRAN (Tasnim) – China’s Minister of National Defense Chang Wanquan hailed the idea of a joint meeting with Iran and Russia to coordinate efforts in countering common threats. In a Friday meeting with Iranian Defense Minister Brigadier General Hossein Dehqan in Moscow, Wanquan welcomed the idea of the trilateral meeting proposed by Iran, and said, “The world’s current circumstances necessitate the strengthening of bilateral and multilateral defensive and military cooperation.” He also praised the history of good defense ties between Tehran and Beijing.

Pakistan, China, Iran and the remaking of regional security

Author: M.K. Bhadrakumar April 18, 2015

  • The regional security in South Asia and the adjacent regions to the west and north are on the cusp of a profound transformation. Broadly, there are three vectors involved here. One, Iran’s integration with the international community as a ‘normal country’, a process that has already begun; two, the historic entente between Russia and China which has consolidated almost immeasurably in the past one year period since the New Cold War tendencies began appearing; and, three, a largely-unnoticed but extremely significant shift in the foreign-policy priorities of Pakistan, a genuinely ‘pivotal’ state in the politics of South Asia, given its highly strategic geographic location in the South Asian region, from where it impacts regional security in Central Asia and West Asia. The state visit by the Chinese President Xi Jinping to Pakistan on Monday in many ways brings together the three vectors. The visit is, on the face of it, a bilateral event of historic significance to the long-standing ties between the two relationship, which from all accounts can be expected to add much strategic content to the relationship and elevate it to an altogether qualitatively new level.

China to Build New Nuke Plants in Iran

New nuke plants major concern for critics of diplomacy with Islamic Republic

BY: Adam Kredo April 15

  • Iran announced that China has agreed to assist in the building of five new nuclear plants across the country, according to Iran’s Atomic Energy Organization (AEOI). Iran plans to enlist the Chinese in the construction of five new nuclear plants similar in size and scope to the plant currently operating near Bushehr. Iran’s insistence on building more nuclear power plants has become a key concern for critics of the Obama administration’s diplomacy with the Islamic Republic, as these nuclear structures could potentially be used to assist its nuclear weapons program.

Iran, China to increase energy cooperation when sanctions removed: Zanganeh

Fri Apr 10, 2015

  • Iran’s Oil Minister Bijan Namdar Zanganeh says Tehran is willing to increase cooperation with China in the oil industry and energy sector once Western sanctions against the Islamic Republic are removed. “This country [China], as one of the biggest buyers of Iran’s oil, has been greatly cooperating with the Islamic Republic under conditions of sanctions and we are willing for that cooperation to continue when sanctions are removed,” Zanganeh told reporters in Beijing on Thursday. He added that the new phase of energy cooperation between Iran and China will focus on oil production and development projects to be carried out by Chinese firms in Iran, IRNA reported.

China to Build Pipeline From Iran to Pakistan

Long-thwarted project gets go-ahead as Islamabad anticipates lifting of sanctions on Iran

By Saeed Shah Updated April 9, 2015

  • ISLAMABAD—China will build a pipeline to bring natural gas from Iran to Pakistan to help address Pakistan’s acute energy shortage, under a deal to be signed during the Chinese president’s visit to Islamabad this month, Pakistani officials said. The arrival of President Xi Jinping is expected to showcase China’s commitment to infrastructure development in ally Pakistan, at a time when few other countries are willing to make major investments in the cash-strapped, terrorism-plagued country. The pipeline would amount to an early benefit for both Pakistan and Iran from the framework agreement reached earlier this month between Tehran and the U.S. and other world powers to prevent Iran from developing nuclear weapons. The U.S. had previously threatened Pakistan with sanctions if it went ahead with the project. “We’re building it,” Pakistani Petroleum Minister Shahid Khaqan Abbasitold The Wall Street Journal. “The process has started.”

China reaps rewards for standing by Iran

Atul Aneja Updated: April 11, 2015

  • China is reaping energy rewards for standing by Iran, with Tehran now promising Beijing with new deals once the sanctions related to the Iranian nuclear programme are lifted. “This country [China], as one of the biggest buyers of Iran’s oil, has been greatly cooperating with the Islamic Republic under conditions of sanctions and we are willing for that cooperation to continue when sanctions are removed,” said Iran’s visiting Iranian Oil Minister, Bijan Namdar Zanganeh. Last year, China bought 550,000 barrels of Iranian oil per day, marking a 28 per cent spurt in consumption over the previous year. Anticipating a phased end to sanctions after a final nuclear agreement with the six global powers is signed in June, the Iranians have been quick off the blocks to engage with China. The upbeat mood was evident when Mr. Zanganeh spelt out some of the talking points for an energy partnership with Beijing in the future.

Iran piles pressure on US with China oil talks

Katy Barnato Wednesday, 8 Apr 2015

  • Tehran officials are in Beijing this week to seek more oil sales, in a move that could reduce Iran’s vulnerability to Western sanctions and pressure the U.S. to sign off on a deal to lift restrictions on Iranian oil exports. Representatives of the state-run National Iranian Oil Company are meeting with Chinese oil importer Sinopec and state-run oil trader Zhuhai ZhenRong for talks, officials told Reuters this week. This came after Iran and the “P5+1” countries—the five permanent United Nations Security Council members plus Germany—last week agreed to a framework for a deal that would see international sanctions on Tehran lifted in exchange for cuts to is nuclear program. “With negotiations going on, this (talks between Beijing and Tehran) will be presented as an investigatory discussion—but one that puts pressure on (U.S. President Barack) Obama to make a deal,” Peter Morici, an economist and professor at the University of Maryland in the U.S. told CNBC.

The New Sino-Iranian Security Axis: How the Rise of Militant Sunni Islam is Aligning China’s Interests with Iran’s

Mar 16, 2015

  • In November Meng Jianzhu, who heads domestic law enforcement in China, paid a visit to Tehran, where he struck deals to expand cooperation in the fight again terrorism. “China and Iran have broad common interests in fighting terrorism,” Meng said, “and China is willing to further step up cooperation with Iran and play a proactive role in maintaining both countries’ security interests and promoting regional peace and stability.”
  • Iran appears willing to work with China against Sunni radical Islam, in so far as it brings economic benefits, provides access to advanced Chinese military hardware, and wins diplomatic support from Beijing in the ongoing row over Tehran’s nuclear program.
  • Iran also sees security cooperation with China as an opportunity to secure full membership in the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO).
  • Tehran’s mounting influence in the Middle East, demonstrated by its growing ability to sway regional developments through proxies in Iraq, Syria, Lebanon, and Yemen against Sunni militants, has reassured the Chinese security establishment that Iran can serve as an effective bulwark against transnational Sunni militant Islam.
  • Iran shares China’s anxiety concerning the potential for ISIS and other Sunni radical groups to invigorate social and political instability in the Caucuses and Central Asia.
  • Closer Sino-Iranian ties of course would bring important strategic benefits to Central Asia, where Iran has yet to make its geopolitical weight felt.
  • A de-facto security partnership with China, calibrated against Sunni radical Islam, would give Iran greater political stock in the region. It would also help to connect Iran to Central Asian markets, opening new trade routes with the former Soviet republics seeking access to international markets through Iran and the Persian Gulf.
  • The Persian Gulf is also becoming a focus of China’s geostrategic interests as Beijing views Iran as the state most capable of providing security there. For that reason, China appears willing to continue equipping Iran with advanced maritime technology, possibly of a type and scale beyond anything it has provided in the past, such as advanced anti-ship and anti-aircraft weaponry, or new anti-access and area denial weapons systems.
  • Sino-Iranian defense cooperation over the past three decades has presented a significant challenge to U.S. geostrategic interests in the Gulf region. It not only has allowed Iran to modernize its military but also contributed important technology to its nuclear program.

Iran, China to raise trade to $60b in one year

On Line: 11 March 2015

  • Iran and China hope to bring the level of their trade exchanges to $60 billion from the current $52 billion in a year or so, the head of Iran-China Joint Chamber of Commerce says. “We are determined to raise the volume of our trade with China to $60 billion at the start of the Sixth [Five-Year Economic] Development Plan” starting in March 2016, Assadollah Asgarowladi was quoted in media as saying. To that end, he said, the private sector shoulders a heavy responsibility. He added that Iran’s private sector is required to make huge efforts for joint venture projects with China. Asgarowladi said China has opened $4 billion in credit line over the past three months for financing projects in Iran. He said the figure is to reach $5 billion this month.

Iran’s president calls for stronger ties with China

Xinhua and Staff Reporter 2015-02-17

  • Iran wants to further advance its relations with China, the country’s president, Hassan Rouhani, has said. Steady development of bilateral ties is not only beneficial to Iran and China, but also to peace and prosperity of the world, Rouhani said in a meeting on Sunday with visiting Chinese foreign minister Wang Yi. Iran will actively take part in China’s Silk Road Economic Belt and 21st Century Maritime Silk Road initiatives and expand cooperation in sectors such as infrastructure, energy, manufacturing, agriculture and tourism, Rouhani said.

China to Finance Petrochemical Projects in Iran: Official

January 24, 2015

  • TEHRAN (Tasnim) – An Iranian petrochemical official announced on Saturday that Chinese credit lines have been opened for four petrochemical projects in Iran. Vice-President of Iran’s National Petrochemical Company Mohammad Hassan Peyvand told the Tasnim News Agency that Masjed Soleiman, Sabalan, Bushehr, and Lordegan are the projects for which Chinese lines of credit (LC) were opened. “The projects will tap into a total amount of $2 billion from the Chinese LCs,” the Iranian official added.

China’s 2014 Iran crude oil imports up 28 pct -customs

By Adam Rose Fri Jan 23, 2015

  • BEIJING, Jan 23 (Reuters) – China’s crude oil imports from Iran jumped by nearly 30 percent last year to their highest average level since 2011, customs data showed on Friday, as Iran’s largest oil client boosted shipments after an interim deal eased sanctions on Tehran. Western sanctions against the OPEC member were eased in a late-2013 deal that allowed it to export about 1 million barrels per day (bpd) amid negotiations over its nuclear programme. The lighter sanctions prompted both China and India to raise crude buys from Iran, especially over the first half of 2014. Last year, China lifted 27.5 million tonnes of Iranian crude and condensate, an increase of 28.3 percent over 2013, the customs data showed. That put its daily average at 549,250 bpd, almost even with the 555,000 bpd imported in 2011 before the United States and the European Union tightened sanctions.

Chinese companies keen on partnership in Iran projects

Jan 07 2015

  • Zahedan – China is ready for cooperation, partnership, and making investments in all countries, including Iran, and China’s NSRD state firm accepts full responsibility of all projects implemented by Chinese firms, company’s representative said on Wedneday. ‘The state-owned company, NSRD was established in 1995 and is now one of China’s largest companies active in various fields, including environment protection,’ said Lee in a meeting with the company’s 5,200 employees in Sistan-Baluchestan economic working group.

Iran, China sign big oil deal: NIORDC

Date: 1/11/2015

  • Deputy Head of National Iranian Oil Refining and Distribution Company (NIORDC) Shahrokh Khosravani announced signing of an agreement between Iran and China in order to finance one of the largest refinery projects in Iran. Khosravani also announced the maintainance plan of Abadan Refinery by tapping financial sources provided by Chinese credit. On the latest status of Abadan oil refinery maintainance project, Shahrokh Khosravani told Mehr News that the negotiations for final agreement is under way to fund the massive refinery plans using Chinese credit line.

Iran-China trade hits $47.5b in 11 months

03 January 2015

  • TEHRAN – Trade between Iran and China amounted to $47.5 billion from January to November 2014, a 36 percent rise year on year, according to the Chinese General Administration of Customs. China exported $22 billion of products to Iran in the eleven-month period, an 87 percent rise compared to $11.7 billion in the same period in 2013, the Tasnim news agency reported on Saturday. Meanwhile, Iran exported $25.5 billion of products to China, a 10 percent rise compared to $23.1 billion in the same period in 2013, the report added.

China to double Iranian investment

16 November 2014

  • China is set to double its investment in Iranian infrastructure projects, Iran’s Mehr news agency reports. China has raised its quota for Iranian projects to $52bn (£33bn) from $25bn the report said, quoting Iran’s deputy minister for energy, Esmail Mahsouli. Water, electricity, oil and gas projects will all benefit from the extra financing, Mr Mahsouli said. Iran has turned to China, Russia and Turkey for financing as Europe and the US have strict sanctions on the nation.

Iran Calls for More Active Chinese Role in Nuclear Talks


  • Iranian Foreign Minister Mohammad Javad Zarif called on Saturday for China to play a more active role in nuclear talks between Iran and P5+1 countries, according to Iran’s official news agency, IRNA. He made his comments at the fourth Istanbul Process Ministerial Summit in Beijing, where the presidents of Afghanistan and China were in attendance. The summit’s objectives were strengthening cooperation among member states and discussing the situation in Afghanistan. “Tehran is very serious about finding a solution to the nuclear talks issue,” Zarif said.

FM: Iran Seeking to Establish Strategic Ties with China

November 01, 2014

  • TEHRAN (Tasnim) – Iranian Foreign Minister Mohammad Javad Zarif emphasized the importance of Tehran-Beijing ties, and said the Islamic Republic is willing to establish “strategic relations” with the East Asian country. In a meeting with Chinese Foreign Minister Wang Yi in Beijing on the sidelines of the 4th Ministerial Conference of Istanbul Process on Afghanistan on Friday, Zarif pointed to Tehran and Beijing’s shared stances on many regional and international issues, and stressed the need for the further promotion of bilateral ties in all spheres. Zarif also praised the “positive role” played by China in the negotiations between Iran and six world powers on the Tehran’s peaceful nuclear program.

Iran looks to China for weapons systems


  • Faced with the arms embargo enforced by the West, China may be Iran’s last hope in upgrading its obsolete weapons systems, according to the Moscow-based Voice of Russia. Visiting Beijing, Habibollah Sayyari, head of the Iranian navy, told Chinese defense minister Chang Wanquan on Oct. 23 that Iran is looking to increase naval cooperation with China. Sayyari said he was happy to see Iranian and Chinese warships visit one other from March 2013. Chang also said that the People’s Liberation Army of China and the Armed Forces of the Islamic Republic of Iran are working together in training military personnel.

China says wants closer military ties with Iran

BEIJING Thu Oct 23, 2014

  • (Reuters) – China wants to have closer military ties with Iran, the Chinese defense minister told the visiting head of the Iranian navy on Thursday, state media reported, reaffirming diplomatic links despite controversy over Iran’s nuclear plans. Chinese Defense Minister Chang Wanquan told Iranian Navy Commander Rear Admiral Habibollah Sayyari that the two armed forces have seen “good cooperation on mutual visits, personnel training and other fields in recent years”, China’s official Xinhua news agency reported. “Exchanges between the two navies have been fruitful and their warships have paid successful visits to each other,” it cited Chang as saying. “Chang … stressed China is willing to work with Iran to further pragmatic cooperation and strengthen military-to-military ties.”

Rouhani: Closer Iran-China Ties to Promote Regional Peace

Sun Oct 05, 2014

  • In a message on Saturday, Rouhani congratulated his Chinese counterpart Xi Jinping, government and nation on the country’s 65th founding anniversary. “I congratulate Your Excellency, the government and nation on the 65th anniversary of the founding the People’s Republic of China,” the message said. He expressed the hope that the two friendly countries’ ties would improve in all the fields and the ground for promoting peace and security and economic cooperation would be prepared. Rouhani wished dignity and prosperity for the Chinese nation and government.

G-77, China condemn coercive sanctions against Iran

Sat Sep 27, 2014

  • The coalition of developing countries at the United Nations has categorically condemned unilateral sanctions against Iran over its civilian nuclear energy program. In a resolution issued on the sidelines of the 69th annual session of the UN General Assembly in New York on Friday, foreign ministers of the Group of 77 plus China for the first time explicitly rejected as unacceptable the imposition of unilateral economic sanctions against Iran. Such sanctions would have adverse consequences on the development of the Iranian nation, the resolution said, calling for the immediate removal of the bans.
  • The 133-member Group of 77 plus China strongly rejected any unilateral punitive moves such as sanctions against developing countries and called for the removal of all such measures. The foreign ministers of the member states noted that such measures would not only undermine the UN charter-based international law, but also would leave a negative impact on the freedom of trade and investment. They further called on the international community to take an effective collective action to stop unilateral economic sanctions against developing states.

Chinese fleet of warships docks at Iran port

Official: Chinese Flotilla’s Presence in Hormuzgan Waters Sign of Iran-China Alliance

Sun Sep 21, 2014

  • TEHRAN (FNA)- A senior provincial official hailed the satisfactory cooperation between the Iranian and Chinese navies as a sign of growing solidarity between the two nations. “The presence of a Chinese navy flotilla in Iran’s Southern port of Bandar Abbas is indicative of solidarity between the two nations and armies,” Hormuzgan Governor General Jassem Jadari said in a meeting with the commanders and crew members of the Chinese navy flotilla in Bandar Abbas on Sunday. He noted that Iran and China have closely cooperated in combat against pirates in the high seas in recent years, and said, “Hormuzgan province is of particular importance due to its strategic status and its location near the Strait of Hormuz and also the presence of flotillas of different countries in there.” The commander of the Chinese flotilla, for his part, said that his warships berthed at Bandar Abbas at the end of their mission for protecting trade ships against pirate attacks in a move to consolidate the friendly ties between the Chinese and Iranian nations and navies.

Chinese fleet of warships docks at Iran’s Bandar Abbas

Sat Sep 20, 2014

  • A Chinese fleet of warships has docked into the southern Iranian port city of Bandar Abbas. The fleet, comprising a warship and a destroyer, docked on Saturday for the first time ever. The Chinese fleet docked into the Iranian territorial waters with the purpose of increasing interaction between the Islamic Republic and China. It was returning from a mission in the Gulf of Aden.

Iran Navy rescues Chinese container ship from pirates

Wed Sep 17, 2014

  • Iran’s naval forces have rescued a Chinese container ship from an attack by pirates in the Gulf of Aden. The Iranian Navy said in a statement on Wednesday that five boats, each containing five armed pirates, attacked the Chinese ship, Xin Lian Yun Gang, in an attempt to hijack the vessel early this morning, but the Iranian Navy’s 31st fleet of war vessels foiled the move. The Iranian destroyer was deployed to the area immediately after receiving an emergency call from the troubled vessel and forced the assailants to flee the scene by using light weapons and special operation teams, the statement added.

Iran Looks East, China Pivots West

The two countries need each other, in a relationship that seems unlikely to be derailed soon.

By Lauren Dickey and Helia Ighani August 25, 2014

  • China has been one of Iran’s most reliable trading partners since U.S. sanctions went into full force in 2010. By maintaining strong ties with Beijing, the Islamic Republic is able to evade Western sanctions and prevent its national currency from falling, two events that could deal crippling blows to the Iranian economy.
  • Beijing imported 630,000 barrels per day (bpd) of Iranian oil in the first half of 2014 alone, up 48 percent from the previous year. Studies suggest that these statistics are just the tip of the iceberg. With the fourth highest reserves of crude oil in the world, the Islamic Republic is China’s third largest supplier of crude oil, and according to Persian news media, supplies Beijing with 12 percent of its annual supplies.
  • Clearly, sanctions have never been, nor ever will be, a deterrent to Beijing’s engagement with Tehran in the energy sector.
  • Other than energy, the two countries trade everything from toys to arms. Total trade between Beijing and Tehran has increased dramatically since 2007, when China replaced the European Union as Iran’s largest trading partner. As reported by China’s Ministry of Foreign Affairs, trade between Tehran and Beijing totaled more than $36 billion in 2012 and according to Iran, non-oil trade reached $13 billion earlier this year.
  • Iran’s willingness to become a permanent trade partner could not come at a better time for Beijing, as developing a new land and a maritime Silk Road economic belt is a new priority for the Communist Party. The land-based Silk Road will ultimately traverse through northern Iran en route to Venice where overland trade will link to the maritime Silk road. In combination, the Silk Road economic belt will effectively allow China to reclaim its place as the “Middle Kingdom” by deepening trade and cultural links across three continents.

China-Iran Ties Growing: Iran’s Speaker

August 12, 2014

  • TEHRAN (Tasnim) – Iran’s parliament speaker Ali Larijani said Tuesday Tehran-Beijing ties have quantitatively and qualitatively strengthened during the recent years. “Iran and China are two important countries which are interested in expansion of bilateral ties,” said Larijani during a visit to an exhibition on investment, agriculture and industrial capacities of Chinese province of Gansu. The exhibition has been underway in the central Iranian city of Qom.

Iran July oil delivery to China up 40%

Thu Aug 21, 2014

  • Iran’s crude oil exports to its largest client China grew 40.6 percent in July year-on-year, Chinese customs data show. According to the figures released on Thursday, China imported 558,865 barrels per day (bpd) of crude oil from Iran last month. The July crude oil imports from Iran were up five percent month-on-month. China’s top refiner Sinopec Corp is a main buyer of Iran’s crude oil.

China oil imports from Iran hit a record high

Tue Jul 22, 2014

  • Official data show that China imported 630,000 barrels per day (bpd) of Iranian crude oil in the first six months of 2014. Chinese customs data registered a 48-percent rise in comparison with the corresponding period last year, the Wall Street Journal reported. According to Li Li, head of research and analytics at Shanghai-based consultancy ICIS C1 Energy, the amount is the most amount of crude China has ever imported from Iran in any first half in history. Iran represented about 10 percent of China’s crude purchases in the first half.

Iran commiserates with China over deadly quake

Tue Aug 5, 2014

  • Iran has expressed condolences to China over a deadly earthquake in the southwestern province of Yunnan, killing more than 400 people. “The administration of the Islamic Republic of Iran sympathizes with the Chinese government and nation,” Iran’s Foreign Ministry Spokeswoman Marzieh Afkham said late Monday. The Iranian official also urged resilience and fortitude for those affected by the disaster.
  • The 6.1-magnitude earthquake struck the province at 4:30 p.m. on Sunday at a depth of 10 kilometers, according to the US Geological Survey. The tremor destroyed thousands of homes and killed at least 410 people, local officials said, adding that about 1,900 were also injured.

Iran condemns terrorist attack in China’s Xinjiang

Wed Jul 30, 2014

  • Iran has condemned a terrorist attack which triggered deadly clashes between ethnic people and security forces in China’s Muslim-majority Xinjiang region. Iran’s Foreign Ministry spokeswoman, Marzieh Afkham, said on Wednesday that the Islamic Republic repudiates any act of extremism and violence. Nearly 100 people have been reportedly killed in the clashes.

Iran, China Discuss Enhancement of Economic Ties

Mon Jul 28, 2014

  • In a meeting on Sunday, the two officials called for increased economic relations between Tehran and Beijing. The Iranian minister said that annual trade between Iran and China has reached $27bln from $500mln before the victory of the Islamic Revolution in 1979. Tayyebnia said that Iran and China have capacity to boost bilateral cooperation even more than the current level using new methods.

China pushes Asia’s Iranian oil imports above U.S. ceiling

By Osamu Tsukimori Mon Jun 30, 2014

  • Iran’s biggest buyers – China, India, Japan and South Korea – together took in 1.26 million barrels per day of the Islamic republic’s crude last month, up 8 percent from the same period a year ago, government and tanker-tracking data showed.
  • Iranian crude imports by China expanded 36 percent in May from a year ago to the second highest on record of 757,900 bpd, pushing up its average imports for January-May higher to nearly 50 percent on a year earlier.
  • India’s imports fell 0.6 percent to 255,200 bpd in May from a year ago, but its intake in the first-five months of the year still was up 37.7 percent at 310,500 bpd.
  • South Korea’s imports fell 43.3 percent from a year ago to 66,500 bpd of Iranian crude for the month. Shipments to Japan – the last of the four to report its oil intake – fell by 23.7 percent to 181,892 bpd last month, trade ministry data showed on Monday.

Chinese companies to fund Iranian railway signaling project

On Line: 30 June 2014

  • TEHRAN – Two Chinese companies will fund the implementation of the Tehran-Mashhad railway signaling project in Iran. Railway signaling is a system used to control railway traffic safely, essentially to prevent trains from colliding. The Chinese companies CMC and SUPOWER have signed a deal with the Iranian Railways Company to invest in the 900-kilometer Tehran-Mashhad railway signaling project, the IRNA news agency reported on Monday.

Iran, Russia, China Confer on N. Case

Thu Jul 03, 2014

  • “We could have resolved the nuclear issue in 2005. But then, people didn’t believe me when I said that Iranians are allergic to pressure,” he said. “The Bush administration torpedoed the deal by demanding that we abandon enrichment, altogether,” the Iranian foreign minister added.
  • “The sanctions were crippling — even deadly; literally,” Zarif said. The Iranian foreign minister explained that the Iranian cancer patients could not buy medicine with their own money, because banks around the world had been bullied by the US Treasury to avoid transferring Iranian funds.
  • “But sanctions did not cripple our nuclear program,” Zarif stressed, and added, “Neither did the murder of our nuclear scientists, the sabotage of our nuclear facilities – with potentially disastrous environmental ramifications – or the repeated military threats. In fact, they achieved exactly the opposite.” The Iranian foreign minister said that insisting on no enrichment resulted in a 100-fold increase in “our centrifuges”: from less than 200 to almost 20,000.
  • “To those who continue to believe that sanctions brought Iran to the negotiating table, I can only say that pressure has been tried for the past 8 years, in fact for the past 35 years. it didn’t bring the Iranian people to kneel in submission and it will not now nor in the future.” “We still have time to exit this spiral of escalation. Try mutual respect. It works. We are trying to reach a deal. Not a good deal or a bad deal, but a doable and lasting deal,” stressed the Iranian foreign minister.
  • “We still have time to put an end to the myth that Iran is seeking to build a bomb,” the Iranian foreign minister said, adding, “And we’re backed by over 250 years of non-aggression to substantiate our assertion.” “My government remains committed to ending this unnecessary crisis by July 20th. I hope my counterparts are, too,” he added.

Iran Asks China to Play Larger Role in Nuke Talks

China’s new ambassador to Iran previously headed Beijing’s delegation to the P5+1 talks.

By Zachary Keck June 24, 2014

  • Iranian President Hassan Rouhani called on China to play a bigger role in the nuclear negotiations between Iran and the P5+1 powers (the U.S., U.K., France, Germany, Russia and China). “Iran and China have had valuable cooperation in the field of peaceful nuclear technology since the past, and today, we want China to make more efforts within the framework of the negotiations between Iran and the G5+1 so that both sides can reach a comprehensive and final agreement,” President Rouhani said on Monday, according to Fars News Agency, a semi-official media outlet with ties to the Islamic Revolutionary Guards Corps (IRGC).
  • Although China hasn’t traditionally played a major role in the P5+1 talks with Iran, Beijing is known to usually side with Russia against the Western powers in being more sympathetic to Iran. Foreign Minister Zarif has indicated that divisions between the P5+1 powers are hampering the current round of negotiations. The U.S. has denied that any such divisions exist.

Iran highlights expansion of ties with China

On Line: 23 June 2014

  • TEHRAN – President Hassan Rouhani said on Monday that Iran attaches great importance to expansion of ties with China, pointing to the important status of China in the world.
  • Rouhani stated that he sees no impediments to expansion of Iran-China ties. It is expected that the relations between the two countries would be expanded by the Chinese president’s trip to Iran in the near future, Rouhani added. Iran is ready to cooperate with China in building oil refineries, Rouhani said.

Iran’s Mining Sector Planning to Attract More Chinese Investment

Mon Jun 09, 2014

  • TEHRAN (FNA)- An Iranian official at the Ministry of Industries, Mines and Trade underlined the country’s abundant capacities for attracting further foreign investment, and informed that the ministry is resolved to activate the mining sector through offering fruitful projects to Chinese investors. In a meeting between Mohammad Fatemian and experts of Iran-China Stone Association in Tehran on Monday, the Iranian official said that there are good grounds for foreign investment in Iran including the transit and transport infrastructure and energy.

Iran to supply 400,000 oil bpd to China: Official

Sun May 11, 2014

  • Iran has renewed its oil export contracts with its Asian buyers, agreeing to deliver 400,000 barrels per day (bpd) to China, a senior Iranian oil official says. “Iran has reached an agreement with China for the export of more than 400,000 bpd,” Mohsen Qamsari, director general for international affairs at the National Iranian Oil Company (NIOC), said on Sunday. He said NIOC has renewed its crude oil selling agreements with refiners in India, China, South Korea, Japan and Turkey.

Iran, Turkey and China’s Middle Eastern Pivot

Thanks to events in Russia and Syria, Turkey lost its rivalry with Iran to be China’s Middle Eastern pivot. Here’s how.

By H. Akin Unver May 30, 2014

  • Beijing and Tehran have taken their cooperation to another level since George W. Bush’s “Axis of Evil” speech in 2002, with trade volumes and Chinese investments rising substantially.
  • The Syrian civil war has since created a triangular alliance between China, Russia and Iran due to Russia’s interests in the Tartus naval base, its only Mediterranean proxy naval opening. China, in turn, brought both Iran and Russia into its own maritime theater by initiating a round of naval drills, expanding the scope of this new triangular relationship.
  • While China might define Iran as one pivot into the Middle East, the last five years in China-Turkey relations could lead to the argument that Beijing was simultaneously, yet silently cultivating Turkey as another. In the last decade, China-Turkey trade skyrocketed from around $1 billion in 2000, to $19.5 billion in 2010.
  • Although the Xinjiang issue continues to rankle, Turkey has nonetheless developed an enthusiasm for greater cooperation with China in recent years. Many young and ambitious Turkish bureaucrats undertake their master’s or doctoral studies on China and there is a new cohort of qualified bureaucrats in Turkey’s influential ministries, who see vast potential for cooperation between two countries.
  • Turkish Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdoğan meanwhile clearly wanted to situate his country closer to China, with an expressed intention to join the Shanghai Cooperation Organization. Pleading with Vladimir Putin during the press statement of an official visit in November 2013, Erdoğan went on the record: “If we get into the SCO, we will say good-bye to the European Union.”
  • Turkey’s miscalculation eventually created an unpalatable conundrum in Syria, whereby none of the border crossings along the long Turkish-Syria border are controlled by a group or organization allied to Ankara.
  • The most recent developments on the battlefield are forcing Turkey to side with Washington and reaffirm its NATO commitment to shield itself from the instability in Syria. This means that Turkey will soon seek a rapprochement with Israel, and accept NATO missile defense architecture as the basis of its Western commitment. This means that Turkey will soon return to NATO from its ill-prepared foreign policy autonomy adventures and will have to limit its cooperation with China.
  • Iran has also successfully contained Turkish overtures into Syria and thus is in a much stronger strategic position. That’s why Turkish-Iranian competition to be China’s Middle Eastern pivot has ended with an Iranian win. Turkish-China relations will of course remain productive in the foreseeable future, but Turkey has lost Beijing’s immediate favors to Iran.

Iranian, Chinese DMs Stress Expansion of Defensive Cooperation

Mon May 05, 2014

  • “The age-old and historical relations between the two countries which date back to over 2000 years ago are full of instances of cooperation in cultural, economic, industrial and technological arenas,” Dehqan said during the meeting on Monday morning. He referred to the two countries’ abundant advantages and potentials in different fields, and laid emphasis on the consolidation of the bilateral relations, specially in defensive, military and security areas. “We can remove the two sides’ common security concerns over extremism, terrorism drug trafficking and piracy by developing military cooperation,” Dehqan said.

China’s March crude imports from Iran up 36.1 pct y/y

Mon Apr 21, 2014

  • BEIJING, April 21 (Reuters) – China’s March crude oil imports from Iran rose more than a third from a year ago, keeping imports in the first three months of 2014 close to the levels seen before Western sanctions were applied more than two years ago. China’s intake from Iran in March rose 36.1 percent to 555,182 barrels per day (bpd), customs data showed on Monday, in keeping with the rise in exports from the OPEC member after the November nuclear deal that eased some sanctions on Tehran.
  • China’s oil arrivals from Iran in the first quarter of this year were at 557,605 bpd, up 36.2 percent from a year ago. On a daily basis, China’s March imports of Iranian oil climbed 0.5 percent from February’s 552,613 bpd.

Iran seeks more Chinese investment for economic, infrastructure projects

On Line: 21 April 2014

  • TEHRAN – Iranian Finance and Economic Affairs Minister Ali Tayyebnia has called on China to invest more in Iran’s economic and infrastructure projects. Iran can be reliable source for meeting China’s energy needs. In return, China can boost its presence in Iran’s economic and infrastructure projects,” Tayyebnia said. He made the remarks in a meeting with China’s Finance Minister Lou Jiwei in Beijing, the Mehr News Agency reported on Monday.
  • China was the second largest exporter of non-oil goods to Iran and the first importer of non-oil goods from Iran in the past Iranian calendar year, which ended on March 20, 2014. Over $9.6 billion worth of Chinese goods were exported to Iran and $7.4 billion worth of Iranian goods were exported to China in the past Iranian calendar year, according to the Iranian Customs Administration. On March 2, a delegation of over 100 Chinese traders and economic managers attended a conference, titled Iran-China Investment and Business Cooperation Forum, which was held in Tehran.

Iran views China ties as strategic: Official

Tue Apr 8, 2014

  • A senior Iranian official has hailed the relations between Iran and China, saying that Tehran views its ties with Beijing as “strategic and long-term.” Iranian Deputy Foreign Minister Morteza Sarmadi made the remark in a Monday meeting with outgoing Chinese Ambassador to Tehran Yu Hongyang.
  • The Iranian official pointed to a meeting between Iranian President Hassan Rouhani and his Chinese counterpart Xi Jinping, held on the sidelines of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) in the Kyrgyz capital of Bishkek last year, and underlined the necessity for continued cooperation between the two countries within the framework of their joint economic commission and the exchange of visits by their senior officials.

Araqchi says consultations with Russia, China was essential prior to nuclear talks

On Line: 14 March 2014

  • TEHRAN – Abbas Araqchi, the Iranian deputy foreign minister, has said that it was essential to hold closer consultations with Russia and China prior to negotiations for a comprehensive nuclear deal which start on March 17 in Vienna, the Central News Bureau reported Thursday. Araqchi held nuclear talks with his Russian counterpart Sergei Ryabkov in Moscow on Wednesday and his Chinese counterpart Xie Hansheng in Beijing on Thursday.
  • Araqchi, a lead nuclear negotiator, said in the meetings with his Russian and Chinese counterparts issues set on the agenda of the talks were discussed in order to facilitate efforts to clinch a final nuclear resolution. As nuclear negotiations progress, the need to hold consultations increases, the top nuclear negotiator stated.

Iran, China set to up trade to $200bn: Official

Mon Mar 3, 2014

  • Iran and China plan to increase their annual trade to USD 200 billion, according to the director of the Trade Promotion Organization of Iran. Based on the targets set by the presidents of Iran and China, trade transactions between the two countries should reach USD 200 billion per annum in 10 years, said Valiollah Afkhami-Rad on Sunday. The establishment of joint venture companies can contribute to the promotion of trade ties between Iran and China, he further said.

China Becomes Iran’s Largest Trade Partner

BY: Adam Kredo February 25, 2014

  • China has emerged as Iran’s top trading partner, with non-oil trade hitting $13 billion over the past 10 months, according to Iranian media. Iran’s exports to China rose by nearly 35 percent over the time period, with Iran exporting some $5.9 billion in non-oil-related goods, according to a report by Iran’s Customs. Iranian imports from China topped $7 billion, according to the report, which provides further evidence that Iran’s economy has been on the rebound since it began engaging in talks with Western nations over its contested nuclear program.
  • China has long been Iran’s top crude oil client and has been accused of participating in a plot to smuggle the heavily sanctioned product out of Tehran. Chinese-Iranian oil deals topped $13 billion in the past months, according to the report. Iran’s total non-oil exports topped $37 billion in total over the past 11 months, a 15 percent rise over the previous year, when sanctions were at their most stringent level. This included more than $550 million in trade with the United States, according to Iranian officials. More than 23 percent of Iran’s non-oil exports went to China, while nearly 20 percent of China’s exports went to Tehran, according to the new report.

Iran asks China, Russia for support in nuclear talks against ‘excessive demands’

11/19/2013 20:04

  • On the eve of the resumption of nuclear talks in Geneva, Iranian President Hassan Rouhani has asked China and Russia for their support against “excessive demands of some countries.” Nuclear talks in Geneva are due to resume on Wednesday when Iranian Foreign Minister Javad Zarif meets with EU foreign policy chief Catherine Ashton. On Thursday and Friday, the Iranian delegation will meet with representatives from the P5+1 countries – that include Britain, China, France, Germany, Russia and the United States. In phones calls this week, the Iranian president told Chinese President Xi Jinping and Russian President Vladimir Putin that “significant progress” has been made at the last round of negotiations, but that “excessive demands could complicate the process towards a win-win agreement.”

The Dragon and the Magi: Burgeoning Sino-Iranian Relations in the 21st Century

November 2005

  • Intro:
  • Over the last several years, China and Iran have significantly strengthened their bilateral ties, reaching out to one another on issues ranging from energy and nuclear proliferation to trade, tourism, and military cooperation. With a relationship bolstered by a shared suspicion of U.S. interests, China’s ever-growing thirst for energy resources, and Iran’s desire to maintain its position as a Persian Gulf powerhouse, the Sino-Iranian partnership looks to move forward at a steady pace into the foreseeable future.
  • In many ways, the close Sino-Iranian relationship is a natural one, underpinned by historical ties and enhanced by contemporary mutual interest. Both countries have rich cultural and national identities, and view themselves as heirs to proud, ancient civilizations. In terms of energy and security, Iran is one of the richest oil and gas producing countries in the world, and the Shia leaders in Tehran harbor no love for the racial Central Asian Sunni Islamist groups that so worry Beijing. And of course, both China and Iran see themselves as opponents of U.S. regional hegemony, powerful nations bold enough to challenge the world’s sole remaining super power.
  • Today, Sino-Iranian energy cooperation is at an all-time high as Iran ascends to an increasingly critical role in China’s 21st century energy strategy. China has become one of Iran’s largest foreign investors, and both countries have been promoting Sino-Iranian cultural interaction. Conveniently, there is little in the way of modern conflict or animosity to stand in the way of Sino-Iranian relations. China maintains no imperialist or colonialist legacy in the Middle East, something the Islamic Republic, a country with particularly bitter memories of Western exploitation, is acutely aware.
  • Energy and Other Areas of Economic Cooperation:
  • The Sino-Iranian economic relationship has grown at a steady pace since the end of the Cold War. In 1990, bilateral trade between the two countries totaled approximately $314million; it rose to approximately $700million by 1993. Over the next 10 years, due in large part to China’s rising energy needs, Sino-Iranian bilateral trade skyrocketed, and by 2003 was estimated to be approximately $5.6 billion.
  • Chinese Weapon Transfers to Iran:
  • Beijing’s transfer of weapons systems and technical expertise to Iran has traditionally been, from a U.S. perspective, one of the most troubling aspects of the Sino-Iranian relationship. Though it is debatable as to the exact quality and quantity of Chinese weapons obtained by Tehran, it can certainly be argued that China has played an important role in supplying the Iranian military since the early 1980s.
  • The Shanghai Cooperation Organization A Further Opportunity for Cooperation:
  • Iran and the SCO are a good fit. Many of the SCO’s primary objectives, as laid out in the organization’s charter, are shared by Iran. Central Asian security is a key concern for Tehran, and the regime harbors little love for the extremist Sunni Islamist organizations the SCO has vowed to eliminate. Energy security, threatened by the extremist groups looking to destroy pumping stations and overland oil and gas pipelines, is another concern for Tehran. The SCO member states have also pledged to combat heroin trafficking throughout Central Asia; Iran, with an approximate 2 million addicts, has one of the worse national heroin addiction problems in the world, and Tehran is eager to cut down on the flow of narcotics across its borders.
  • Conclusion:
  • Ultimately, the China-Iran equation is simple: China’s energy needs dictate that Beijing secure reliable energy resources, and Iran, as one of the most energy-rich nations on earth, is ready, willing, and able to provide those resources in exchange for the hard currency it needs to boost its economy. Meanwhile, its economic might and political clout make China a valuable ally for Iran in light or Iran’s contentious nuclear program, while Beijing’s support for Tehran in turn raises Beijing’s profile in an increasingly important region.

Sino-Persian relations

  • Parthian era
  • The Chinese explorer Zhang Qian, who visited the neighbouring countries of Bactria and Sogdiana in 126 BCE, made the first known Chinese report on Parthia. In his accounts Parthia is named “Ānxī” (Chinese: 安息), a transliteration of “Arsacid”, the name of the Parthian dynasty. Zhang Qian clearly identifies Parthia as an advanced urban civilization, which he equates to those of Dayuan (in Ferghana) and Daxia (in Bactria).
  • “Anxi is situated several thousand li west of the region of the Great Yuezhi (in Transoxonia). The people are settled on the land, cultivating the fields and growing rice and wheat. They also make wine out of grapes. They have walled cities like the people of Dayuan (Ferghana), the region contains several hundred cities of various sizes. The coins of the country are made of silver and bear the face of the king. When the king dies, the currency is immediately changed and new coins issued with the face of his successor. The people keep records by writing on horizontal strips of leather. To the west lies Tiaozi (Mesopotamia) and to the north Yancai and Lixuan (Hyrcania).” (Shiji, 123, Zhang Qian quote, trans. Burton Watson).
  • The Parthians were apparently very intent on maintaining good relations with China and also sent their own embassies, starting around 110 BC: “When the Han envoy first visited the kingdom of Anxi (Parthia), the king of Anxi dispatched a party of 20,000 horsemen to meet them on the eastern border of the kingdom… When the Han envoys set out again to return to China, the king of Anxi dispatched envoys of his own to accompany them… The emperor was delighted at this.” (Shiji, 123, trans. Burton Watson).
  • Sassanid era
  • Like their predecessors the Parthians, the Sassanid Empire maintained active foreign relations with China, and ambassadors from Persia frequently travelled to China. Chinese documents record thirteen Sassanid embassies to China. Commercially, land and sea trade with China was important to both the Sassanid and Chinese Empires. Large numbers of Sassanid coins have been found in southern China, confirming maritime trade.
  • On various occasions, Sassanid kings sent their most talented Persian musicians and dancers to the Chinese imperial court. Both empires benefited from trade along the Silk Road, and shared a common interest in preserving and protecting that trade. They cooperated in guarding the trade routes through central Asia, and both built outposts in border areas to keep caravans safe from nomadic tribes and bandits.
  • Islamic era
  • After the Islamic conquest of Persia, Persia continued to flourish during the Islamic Golden Age and its relations with China continued. In 751, the Abbasid Caliphate which ruled Persia was in dispute with the Tang Dynasty of China for control of the Syr Darya region during the Battle of Talas. The commander of the Abbasid army was Zayid ibn Salih, a Persian, while the commanders of the Tang army were Gao Xianzhi, a Goguryo Korean, alongside Li Siye and Duan Xiushi, both Chinese. After the Abbasids won the battle, relations improved and there were no more conflicts between China and the Persians.
  • During the Tang Dynasty, communities of Persian-speaking merchants, known as Bosi (波斯), formed in northwestern China’s major trade centers.[6] Iranian girls were in demand as dancers in China during this period.[citation needed] In the Tang dynasty inns were often attended by Iranian or Sogdian waitresses who performed dances for clients.[citation needed] Dancers were sent as gifts, and whirl dances were often performed by Iranian girls.[citation needed]
  • During the Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms Period (Wudai) (907-960), there is an example of a Chinese emperor having a Persian woman as concubine.[7]
  • The young Chinese Emperor Liu Chang of the Southern Han dynasty kept a harem, including one Persian girl he nicknamed Mei Zhu, which means “beautiful pearl” (媚珠).[8][9] During the first year of his reign, he was not over sixteen years old when he had a taste for intercourse with Persian girls.[10] Liu liked the Persian girl (Mei Zhu) because of her brown skin color, described in French as “peau mate” (olive or light brown skinned). He and the Persian girl also liked to forced young couples to go naked and played with them in the palace.[11][12]
  • Relations continued during the Ming Dynasty.
  • The famous Maragheh observatory in Maragheh, Iran, is also known to have had some Chinese astronomers working there alongside Islamic astronomers, and some Islamic astronomical instruments were also being used by astronomers in China.[29] Safavid Iranian art was also partly influenced by Chinese art to an extent. Shah Abbas had hundreds of Chinese artisans in his capital Esfahan. 300 Chinese potters produced glazed tile buildings, and hundreds of others produced metalwork, miniature paintings, calligraphy, glasswork, tile work, and pottery.[30][31] From E. Sykes’s “Persia and Its People”: “Early in the seventeenth century, Shah Abbas imported Chinese workmen into his country to teach his subjects the art of making porcelain, and the Chinese influence is very strong in the designs on this ware. Chinese marks are also copied, so that to scratch an article is sometimes the only means of proving it to be of Persian manufacture, for the Chinese glaze, hard as iron, will take no mark.”[32][33]
  • Of the Chinese Li family in Quanzhou, Li Nu, the son of Li Lu, visited Hormuz in Persia in 1376, married a Persian or an Arab girl, and brought her back to Quanzhou. Li Nu was the ancestor of the Ming Dynasty reformer Li Chih.[34][35]

Iran navy rescues China crew from hijacked freighter

Posted: 07 April 2012 0357 hrs

  • BEIJING: The Iranian navy has rescued 28 Chinese crew from their cargo ship less than 24 hours after it was hijacked by Somali pirates off southern Iran, Chinese state media said Saturday. The pirates attacked the ship early Friday in the Gulf of Oman near the Iranian port of Chabahar, said the official Xinhua news agency, citing China’s embassy in Tehran.
  • China’s ambassador in Tehran, Yu Hongyang, demanded swift action from Iran, which dispatched its navy to rescue the crew. Two warships caught up with the ship, the Panama-registered Xianghuamen, which belongs to company in eastern China, and the pirates “threw their weapons into the sea and surrendered to the Iranian navy,” Xinhua said.

China paper slams U.S. move on Iran oil sanctions

Thu Mar 22, 2012 12:22am EDT

  • China’s top newspaper on Thursday slammed U.S. moves to restrict Iran’s oil trade which could see Chinese banks sanctioned, saying such unilateral action was not only wrong but could exacerbate the stand-off over Iran’s nuclear program.
  • The People’s Daily, the official newspaper of China’s ruling Communist Party, said in a commentary that the U.S. move was misguided and selfish and China had every right to import oil from Iran. “One stand-out feature of unilateralism is this: that one’s own rules become the world’s rules. Everyone must respect them, and if you don’t, then you will be punished,” the paper said, adding that previous unilateralism by the United States had led to the quagmires of Iraq and Afghanistan.