3D Printing

Chinese Researchers Develop 3D Printed Skimmer to Clean up Oil Spills

May 5, 2016

  • One of the oldest methods of cleaning oil is a process called skimming, which is also one of the more reliable methods. The problem is that calm waters are required, or any skimmed oil can simply be released back into the water after a few big waves hit. But a group of researchers in China have developed a 3D printable oil-skimmer that was designed to be inexpensive, versatile and resistant to rough waters. The simple skimming devices can be 3D printed in the field and customized based on need, the type of oil that needs to be skimmed, and the amount of oil that needs to be collected. The 3D printable oil-skimmer has two primary components. A 3D printed mesh on top of the device is treated with low surface energy materials. The treated mesh material will repel the good, clean water from it, while attracting the oil and pollutants to it. The oil will be stored in the bottom half of the device, where it is kept safely in place and protected from being spilled back into the water. Even if the boat towing the oil-skimmers is tossed around in rough seas, the captured oil will stay put in the lower compartment.

https://3dprint.com/132791/3d-printed-oil-skimmer/

Tracheal surgery using 4D-printing technology successful in China

2016-04-16

  • XI’AN, April 16 (Xinhua) — Doctors from northwest China’s Shaanxi Province recently performed a successful and rare tracheal surgery using 4D printing technology on a woman suffering from breathing problem. According to a press conference held in provincial capital Xi’an on Friday, doctors with Tangdu Hospital inserted a 4D-printed tracheal stent, a tubular support, outside a female patient’s collapsed windpipe to keep the airway open. “4D printing technology is new,” said Cao Tiesheng, director with the center. “It involves 3D printing items that are designed to change over time.”

http://news.xinhuanet.com/english/2016-04/16/c_135284078.htm

Chinese scientists succeed in micro-g 3D printing test

2016-04-13

  • BEIJING — Chinese scientists have successfully tested 3D printing at microgravity, the Technology and Engineering Center for Space Utilization (CSU) announced Wednesday. The CSU team has conducted 93 parabolic test flights in France, and printed out the designed specimen with Chinese-developed equipment and processes. The parabolic test flights, which created a microgravity environment that lasts about 22 seconds, were facilitated by the Space Administration of Germany. Earth-bound 3D printing technology, materials, equipment and operations need to be adapted to work in space, Wang said. The experiment team has tested five materials, including fiber reinforced polymer, which has not been tested by NASA, Wang said.

http://usa.chinadaily.com.cn/china/2016-04/13/content_24518061.htm

A simple and efficient 3-D fabrication technique for bio-inspired hierarchical structures

Apr 14, 2016

  • Although a number of techniques for fabricating bio-inspired hierarchical structures already exist, most conventional methods either involve complicated processes or are highly time-consuming and low cost-efficiency for industrial applications. Now, a team of researchers from Changchun University of Science and Technology, China, have developed a novel method for the rapid and maskless fabrication of bio-inspired hierarchical structures, using a technique called laser interference lithography. Specifically, the researchers use the interference pattern of three-and four-beam lasers to fabricate ordered multi-scale surface structures on silicon substrates, with the pattern of hierarchical structures controllable by adjusting the parameters of incident light. In accordance with the theoretical and computer analysis, the researchers have experimentally demonstrated the novel technique’s potential in large-area, low-cost and high-volume 3D fabrication of micro and nanostructures. This week in the journal Applied Optics, from The Optical Society (OSA), the researchers describe the work (“Bio-inspired hierarchical patterning of silicon by laser interference lithography”).

http://www.nanowerk.com/nanotechnology-news/newsid=43134.php

Zhuhai CTC Electronic’s Walnut Line is China’s First Proprietary Metal 3D Printer

Mar 31, 2016

  • Zhuhai CTC Electronic Co. is about to change that with the impending release of their Walnut family of metal 3D printers. The successful CTC line of desktop FDM 3D printers has already put them on the map, not only throughout Asia where they have enjoyed considerable success, but they are also selling quite well in North America and Europe. Now that they are producing a line of high quality, industrial-grade selective laser melting (SLM)-based metal 3D printers CTC is likely to become the largest 3D printer manufacturer in China. Having just released the Riverbase 500 SLA 3D printer, their first industrial-grade 3D printer, last month, the Walnut line of SLM printers is a huge step forward for the company.

https://3dprint.com/127471/ctc-walnut-metal-3d-printer/

3D printing technology guides heart surgery for Chinese baby

2016-03-17

  • CHANGCHUN – Doctors have performed a successful surgery using a 3D-printed heart model on a nine-month-old baby suffering from a severe congenital heart defect (CHD) in Northeast China’s Jilin province. It was the first open heart surgery performed with the help of 3D printing technology in the province. The operation took place on March 11, and the infant has already been transferred to a general ward and is recovering. The boy weighed 5.6 kilograms before surgery. He experienced shortness of breath after birth and was diagnosed with CHD.

http://usa.chinadaily.com.cn/china/2016-03/17/content_23922004.htm

The Viper Project is China’s First High Speed Train Prototyped Entirely with a 3D Printer

Feb 1, 2016

  • When it comes to high speed rail (HSR) transport there really is no one coming even close to matching the rail network of China. Spanning more than 12,000 miles, the country not only has the largest network of HSR tracks in the world, but its entire network is larger than all of the rest of the world’s HSR track networks combined. The Chinese HSR currently serves more than two and a half million riders every day, and reaches 28 of China’s 33 provinces. China doesn’t ever do anything small, and high speed rail is no exception, so they are still rapidly expanding their rail network and planning to grow it even further to more than 19,000 miles by 2020.

https://3dprint.com/117748/high-speed-train-prototyping/

China’s first 3D printed air purifier offers relief from record-breaking air pollution levels

Jan 27, 2016

  • Air purifiers have the ability to absorb and transform various types of air pollutants, including allergens, dust, pollen, bacteria, chemicals such as formaldehyde, and even harmful PM2.5 particles. Though the actual air purifying mechanism is not complicated, they can still be quite costly, with some commercial air purifiers on the Chinese market selling for over 1,000 Yuan (roughly $150 USD). By comparison, the production cost of Ninjang’s 3D printed air purifier—which is said to be comparable to industrial models—is no more than 300 Yuan, or $45 USD.

http://www.3ders.org/articles/20160127-chinas-first-3d-printed-air-purifier-offers-relief-from-record-breaking-air-pollution-levels.html

Shining 3D First Chinese 3D Manufacturer to Enter Japanese Market, Partners with KS Design Lab

Jan 22, 2016

  • In an industry swimming with promising startups and a wide range of products bearing new bells and whistles that seem to appear on the market daily from relative unknowns, China’s Shining 3D stands apart as one of the oldest and stalwart, a leading manufacturer of 3D printers and 3D scanners. Now, lucky for Japan, Shining 3D is opening an office in Ebisu with KS Design Lab, with whom they are formally announcing a partnership at a press conference in Tokyo to be held on January 26th–where the EinScan Pro handheld scanner will also be a major highlight. This looks to be a perfect pairing of companies as KS Design Lab too is dedicated to creating new 3D technology and finding ways to make it accessible to everyone, with the mission of ‘changing the world in analog and digital fusion.’

https://3dprint.com/116383/shining-3d-japanese-market/

Chinese experts unveil first 3D printed nuclear fuel element, could be widely used in 10 years

Jan 14, 2016

  • Over the past few years metal 3D printing has been growing into a huge hit in high quality industries such as the aerospace sector, but Chinese specialists have now found another industry that can definitely benefit from the technology’s quick and cost-saving production methods: nuclear energy. As the China National Nuclear Corporation (CNNC) just revealed, they have successfully 3D printed a lower tube socket of CAP1400 nuclear fuel assembly, which is the first time 3D printing has been used to construct nuclear fuel elements in China. This is a very significant breakthrough, as nuclear energy is growing in importance in numerous regions in the world. While still very expensive, this 3D printing breakthrough could do wonders for mass-producing nuclear elements which would save manpower, lower costs and improve the overall quality of the fuel elements. As the CNNC revealed, these CAP1400 assemblies are the country’s most exported nuclear technology. These Nuclear fuel elements are independent fuel cell structures in a nuclear reactor that feature a single cylindrical rod and lots of complex metal parts. They play the crucial roles of providing energy to the reactors, while forming the first barrier that keeps them safe. The actual energy is generated in those reactors through nuclear fission.

http://www.3ders.org/articles/20160114-chinese-first-3d-printed-nuclear-fuel-element-could-be-widely-used-in-10-years.html

3D printing and advanced computer modeling was used to develop China Y-20 military transport aircraft

January 12, 2016

  • The Xian Y-20 is China’s new large military transport aircraft. The Y-20 is the first cargo aircraft to use 3-D printing technology to speed up its development and to lower its manufacturing cost. Model-based definition (MBD) is also used, and it’s the 3rd aircraft to utilize MBD technology in the world, after Boeing 787 (2005) and Airbus A380 (2007). The implementation of MBD greatly shortened the time required, for example, without MBD, installation of wings takes a month or two, but with MBD adopted, the time is drastically shortened to just a few hours, and in general, the design work reduced by 40%, preparation for production reduced by 75%, and manufacturing cycle reduced by 30%. In addition to 3-D printing, Y-20 is also the first aircraft in China adopting associative design technology (ADT) in its development, the second aircraft to do so in the world, after Boeing 787. The adaptation of ADT greatly shortened the development time by at least eight months, and modification of wing design that previously took a week is shortened to half a day

http://nextbigfuture.com/2016/01/3d-printing-and-advanced-computer.html

3D Printing Helps Separate Conjoined Twins in China

Jan 12, 2016

  • A hospital in Shanghai used 3D printing technology and computer navigation to surgically separate two conjoined twins on Tuesday. This was the first surgery conducted in the hospital with the assistance of a computer program. The patients are two infant boys less than four months old. They were conjoined at the chest and abdomen, as well as having certain blood vessels joined together, presenting a significant challenge for the surgical team.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OdYsQcm8od4

Chinese desktop 3D printer market to surpass US market in 2016, IDC experts predict

Dec 22, 2015

  • With the end of the year rapidly approaching, it’s becoming easier to see what 3D printing has achieved over 2015, and what it could do in 2016. Fortunately, most predictions on the growth of the 3D printing market and the development of the technology have been fairly positive, with markets expected to grow just about everywhere. A new report by IDC (International Data Corporation) is especially positive about the Chinese market for desktop 3D printing. With sales already having grown by 120% over 2015, they are now predicting that more than 160,000 3D printers will be sold in China over 2016 – surpassing the also growing US market. Of course, 3D printing is hot in China right now. Even the Chinese government has gotten behind the technology, launching their “Made in China 2025” program in 2014 with the goal of encouraging 3D printer production and sales. This has clearly been effective, as sales have been growing exponentially since 2014. With just 34,000 units being shipped within China in 2014, that number has already more than doubled over the last year by reaching 77,000 units. IDC, a global consulting leader for various technology markets, is now predicting that this trend will continue over the coming year.

http://www.3ders.org/articles/20151222-chinese-desktop-3d-printer-market-to-surpass-us-market-in-2016-experts-predict.html

Five-Year-Old Chinese Boy Rides His Bike Again After Receiving 3D Printed Hand

Nov 20, 2015

  • The boy sustained burns over nearly half his body and unfortunately his hand had to be amputated. This happened over two years ago and has, of course, been a source of heartbreak for his family. This May, however, it looked as if some of the emotional anguish and guilt over the boy’s injuries might ease as they received a call from the Wuhan Third Hospital Burn Rehabilitation Center. The parents were informed that their son would become the first burn victim to receive a 3D printed prosthetic that would allow him to grasp again–and even ride a bike.

https://3dprint.com/106982/chinese-boy-rides-bike-again/

Chinese scientists harness bacterial power in 3D printed microscopic pumps

Nov 16, 2015

  • Until now, scientists were able to move particles around with the help of macroscopic pumps that drive motion. These are, however, bulky, and don’t work particularly well when minimized. Fortunately, Hepeng Zhang and his team at the Shanghai Jiao Tong University have now developed a functional alternative that relies on the natural inhabitants of the microscopic world: motile bacteria. The great thing about these bacteria isn’t just that they’re already present in the medium in question, but that they’re also much more efficient motors for movement than alternative man-made motor systems. Essentially, they are harnessing these bacteria in the same way a horse pulls a carriage: using the creature’s natural movement patterns for our own functions. These particular bacteria propel themselves forward with the help of their Flagella, a whip like structure that pushes a bacterium forward when in a fluid. Essentially, they push themselves forward such as we do in a swimming pool, but the Chinese team has found a way of embedding them in a single place, while their flagella continue to create flow patterns – which are strong enough to transport other materials. Microscopic pumps made from trapped bacteria https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tjEjV7UNPzk

http://www.3ders.org/articles/20151116-chinese-scientists-harness-bacterial-power-in-3d-printed-microscopic-pumps.html

Scientists have developed a 3-D printing method capable of producing highly uniform ‘blocks’ of embryonic stem cells

November 5, 2015

  • The researchers, based at Tsinghua University, Beijing, China, and Drexel University, Philadelphia, USA, used extrusion-based 3-D printing to produce a grid-like 3-D structure to grow embryoid body that demonstrated cell viability and rapid self-renewal for 7 days while maintaining high pluripotentcy. The researchers hope that this technique can be developed to produce embryoid body at a high-throughput, providing the basic building blocks for other researchers to perform experiments on tissue regeneration and/or for drug screening studies.

http://phys.org/news/2015-11-scientists-d-method-capable-highly.html

3-D laser printing of whispering-gallery-mode microcavities

30-Oct-2015

  • Whispering-Gallery-Mode (WGM) microcavities that confine light in a small volume with high quality (Q) factors and enhance interaction of light with matters inside the cavity have shown promising applications as an element for a variety of devices such as micro-lasers, micro-sensors, micro-filters, and thus are becoming the basic building blocks of integrated photonic systems. This leads to tremendous progress in the development of micro-scale high-Q microcavity processing technologies. In a review entitled “Femtosecond laser 3D fabrication of whispering-gallery-mode microcavities” by Huailiang Xu and Hongbo Sun at the State Key Laboratory on Integrated Optoelectronics, Jilin University, recent progress in femtosecond laser three-dimensional fabrications of optical WGM microcavities was overviewed. This review was published in SCIENCE CHINA Physics, Mechanics & Astronomy (volume 58, Issue 11).

http://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2015-10/scp-3lp103015.php

China: Revotek releases world’s first 3D blood vessel bioprinter

26 October 2015

  • The Chinese company Revotek released the world’s first 3D blood vessel bioprinter on Sunday (25 October). With two nozzles working alternatively, the bioprinter can finish a 10cm blood vessel within two minutes. The BioBrick refers to a stem cell-producing system with a biomimetic function. As for 3D blood vessel bioprinting, the major difference setting it apart from other 3D printings is that it has to keep the stem cells active during the process. “The achievement is not just about printing one blood vessel, but finding the method of sustaining vascular cells and other active substances. The method is useful in blood vessel printing, and in the printings of livers, kidneys and other organs,” said Dai Kerong, an academic at the Chinese Academy of Engineering. Chinese company unveils world’s 1st 3D blood vessel bio-printerhttps://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jnP96reTO3A

https://uk.news.yahoo.com/china-revotek-releases-worlds-first-3d-blood-vessel-154722081.html

Guinness record for world’s largest 3D printed structure

Posted on October 22, 2015

  • On the 30th September in Beijing, China the Guinness World Record for the largest 3D printed structure was awarded to architects Yu Lei and Xu Feng of Laboratory for Creative Design (LCD). The record was for the Vulcan, as the structure is called, which consists of 1.24 m³ (43.8 ft³) of 3D printed material. The Vulcan was erected at Parkview Green office and shopping complex in Beijing and was 2.8 m high and in the form of an archway. The Vulcan took 30 days and 20 large-scale 3D printers to complete each of the units. The units were then assembled on site by 15 people in 12 days.
  • http://i.imgur.com/efc2hlX.jpg

http://www.3dprintingprogress.com/articles/8538/guinness-record-for-worlds-largest-3d-printed-structure

Chinese doctors successfully reconstruct 78-year-old’s chest with 3D printed thoracic cage

Oct 19, 2015

  • The TangDu Hospital in Xi’an, China is no stranger to 3D printing technology, as they have successfully performed several surgeries involving 3D printed implants. Not only have they incorporated 3D printing technology into their medical treatments and operations, but the hospital is also responsible for implanting a woman with the world’s first 3D printed titanium sternum earlier this year. Just last month as well, the TangDu Hospital performed the first ever pectus excavatum correction surgery involving a 3D printed titanium plate. The medical breakthroughs that the hospital have made with the help of additive manufacturing have not slowed, however, as doctors at TangDu Hospital have recently reconstructed the chest of a 78 year old woman using a 3D printed nickel-titanium alloy sternum and rib supports.

http://www.3ders.org/articles/20151019-chinese-doctors-successfully-reconstruct-78-year-olds-chest-with-3d-printed-thoracic-cage.html

Chinese scientists 3D print building blocks of liver, on course to 3D print entire organ

Oct 9, 2015

  • The tiny artificial lobules were created using the Regenovo 3D bio-printer, purpose-built by the team at Hangzhou Electronic Science and Technology University led by Professor Xu Mingen. The Regenovo 3D bio-printer has been in the public eye since August 2013, when it was first unveiled. The machine, which weighs 50kg, prints not with ABS or any kind of plastic, but with real human cells, to form layers of human tissue. The early version of Regenovo 3D printer measures 60x50x74cm, with an 80 micron printer nozzle. For the 3D bio-printer to work properly, the entire 3D printing chamber and nozzles are kept at a low temperature—around 0°C for cells. Specially designed nozzles and material curing technology help to maintain a good cell survival rate. The latest version of Regenovo 3D bio-printer features multi-nozzle deposition system, that means several parts may be made simultaneously. Xu has previously championed the 3D printer’s high level of accuracy, its ability to print high viscosity materials, and its low cell damage rate.

http://www.3ders.org/articles/20151009-chinese-scientists-3d-print-building-blocks-of-liver-on-course-to-3d-print-entire-organ.html

Beijing Design Week focuses on 3D printing, features large VULCAN structure made up of 1,100 3D printed units

Oct 1, 2015

  • http://i.imgur.com/5QglKkI.jpg
  • Beijing Design Week (BJDW), which began in 2009, has quickly become one of the most significant platforms for international design in China. Meant to bolster design and infrastructure within Beijing, the BJDW has also become a world-class platform for showcasing the latest in sustainable, contemporary design. For the 2015 edition, Beijing Design Week has collaborated with shopping malls, one of which is Parkview Green, a mixed-use commercial space in Beijing and the first to receive a Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED) Platinum level.

http://www.3ders.org/articles/20151001-beijing-design-week-features-vulcan-structure-made-up-of-1100-separate-3d-printed-units.html

China’s YouSu Plastic Technology Makes 3D Printing Filament for 3D Medical Models

by Bridget Butler Millsaps · September 28, 2015

  • When a 3D printed item is being used in a medical diagnosis or procedure, there are myriad reasons why it must be impeccable as a material first and foremost. Guangzhou’s YouSu Plastic Technology Co., Limited is in the business of making sure that’s how it is, specializing in 3D printer filament for medical applications. They focus on research and development and then manufacturing. Currently, they’ve produced a material for healthcare, called YS-PC133. The 3D printing filament is certified for healthcare, having passed all tests and requirements for the ISO 10993 certification. It is compliant with USP class VI and also meets FDA/CFDA standards as well.
  • YouSu states that as one of the best materials in the health industry, it can also be used for a number of different applications due to its versatility, durability, and strength. They are now working with both an outside 3D printing company and with Affiliated Hospital of Southern Medical University to use the YS-PC133 material in a surgery. So far it has been used in a surgical simulation, with a scan performed of a patient’s bone and then 3D printed on a Qubea 3D printer. It was useful in making a plan for the surgery and then the doctor was able to make titanium bone plates that were patient specific.

http://3dprint.com/97917/china-yousu-filament-medical/

3D printing platforms taking shape in China

Staff Reporter 2015-09-20

  • The latest developments in 3D printing platforms are having an effect in China, Shanghai’s China Business News reports, citing Jiang Hao, a former architect who founded 3D printing platform iRiffle. “A construction project may take five years from design to completion but designing something on a smaller scale can be completed within one to two months,” said Jiang, explaining why he gave up his job as an architect to found a 3D printing platform.

http://www.wantchinatimes.com/news-subclass-cnt.aspx?id=20150920000081&cid=1102

China’s Liqui Moly racing team utilize 3D printing to enhance their Formula car design

Sep 16, 2015

  • The student administered SEU Liqui Moly Racing Team has, since its founding in 2013, been committed to the research, development, and production of formula racing cars. Last year, the team successfully participated in a student competition for racing cars within China as they won the award for fuel efficiency with their innovative car design dubbed the first generation “Gazelle” car. The Gazelle car was especially notable for the incorporation of 3D printed parts into its design, as well as its advanced design concepts.
  • Just as last year, Liqui Moly’s research and development for the next generation of “Gazelle” is being sponsored by Shining 3D, a 3D printing company based in Hangzhou, China. Significantly, Shining 3D is helping the students to design a new and improved 3D printed design for the engine’s intake manifold, which carries a mixture of air and fuel to the vehicle’s cylinders, as well as an additively manufactured brake pedal.

http://www.3ders.org/articles/20150916-china-liqui-moly-racing-team-utilize-3d-printing-to-enhance-their-formula-car-design.html

Chinese Government Pushes for 3D Printing Industry Development

EL Borromeo | Sep 10, 2015

  • In line with the “Made in China 2025” initiative that aims to boost innovation in the manufacturing industry, the Chinese government is poised to push the development of the country’s 3D printing sector, China Economic Net reported. According to the website, 3D printing is planned to be applied in small-volume production and large-scale custom production. So far, the technology has been applied in various fields such as artistic design, defense, medical care, consumer electronics, aeronautics and geography.

http://en.yibada.com/articles/62073/20150910/chinese-government-pushes-3d-printing-industry-development.htm

China Food & Drug Administration Approves 3D Printed Hip Implants for Use

by Eddie Krassenstein · September 1, 2015

  • Today, we got word that the China Food and Drug Administration has in essence taken things a step further. They have approved the first 3D printed hip implants for medical use in China.
  • If you have been following the 3D printing space, you will know that 3D printed hip implants are not something entirely new. In actuality, Professor Zhang Ke of China’s Peking University Third Hospital has been developing and experimenting with 3D printed hip implants since 2009. Back in 2012, 32 individual patients actually received 3D printed hip implants, and since that time, the results have been documented via clinical observation. The results have been quite astounding. Not only have the 3D printed hip implants proven to weigh less, and be more comfortable for patients, but they are also much more affordable than implants manufactured via more traditional methods.

http://3dprint.com/93098/china-fda-hip-implants-3d/

Man gets a new “ear” thanks to 3D printing

Chinese 3D Printing Can Benefit from Internet, Experts Say

Francis Eduard Ang | Aug 27, 2015

  • A few days earlier, experts from Germany, the United States, South Korea and China discussed similar issues. The result of the meeting was a consensus that the best way to improve the 3D printing industry was by integrating it with the Internet. Currently, 3D printing in China is underdeveloped, and the market is full of low-quality products. Operators also do not have the core technologies necessary to innovate.
  • Yao Yujie, director of the China Center, Technical University of Dresden, said that companies who only focus on developing their own products without considering customer feedback will die out. Zhou said that with the Internet, clients can see their innovations by using 3D printing. Many Chinese firms have expensive 3D printing equipment but have limited ways to use them in business. The Internet can change that, Zhou added.

http://en.yibada.com/articles/57801/20150827/chinese-3d-printing-benefit-internet-experts.htm

Boy With Severely Deformed ‘Porcelain Legs’ Sees His Life Saved by 3D Printing

by Eddie Krassenstein · August 26, 2015

  • Just ask a 6-year-old little boy in China, named Komine, who was born with a condition effecting about one in 20,000 newborns, called Osteogenesis Imperfecta (also known as “brittle bone disease” or Lobstein Syndrome). If you thought breaking a bone was the end of the world, Komine does this almost on a weekly basis. In fact, his bones had become so brittle, due to a mutation in his COL1A1 and COL1A2 genes, that an action as simple as running, turning around, bumping into something, or even sneezing would cause yet another fracture. In all, the boy had suffered at least 30 different fractures, with more and more occurring as time goes on. This continual fracture and healing process had unfortunately led to his legs becoming extremely deformed. They had actually bent almost completely around, forming a ring, and leaving the soles of his feet facing toward the sky rather than the ground.
  • The team, consisting of orthopedic consultants Duqi Jun, and Huang Demin, deputy consultant Zhang Xiangyi, resident doctor Zhou Yapeng, and anesthesiologists Shi Xiaoyong, used the 3D printed replicas (pictured on this page) in order to carry out a very successful osteotomy with intramedullary fixation, leaving the boy with straight legs for the first time in a long time. The surgeons were able to insert several unique telescopic nails into the bone in order to provide the bone’s porcelain-like strength with a bit of reinforcement. These nails are built in such a way that they expand as the boy grows, so that subsequent surgeries will not be required in order to insert larger nails in the future. Without the 3D printed replicas of the boy’s real bones, planning for and conducting the surgery would have nearly been impossible.

http://3dprint.com/91866/boy-with-porcelain-legs/

3D printing can help modernise China’s economy: premier Li Keqiang

PUBLISHED : Monday, 24 August, 2015

  • The development of 3D printing technologies must be part of a push to modernise China’s economy, the country’s premier, Li Keqiang, said during a speech to the State Council. Echoing his “Internet Plus” doctrine, Li said a new technological revolution is at hand, and China needs to promote entrepreneurship and innovation in order to maintain competitiveness in a global rush to “reindustrialise”.
  • During the address, Li stressed the importance of marrying information technology with traditional manufacturing – a key tenet of his “Internet Plus” strategy – and pointed to 3D printing as “representative of a disruptive technology in the manufacturing industry … which has transformed traditional conceptions and methods of manufacturing.”

http://www.scmp.com/tech/innovation/article/1852059/3d-printing-can-help-modernise-chinas-economy-premier-li-keqiang

Chinese surgeon uses 3D printing to map out difficult heart surgery

Updated: 2015-08-18

  • http://i.imgur.com/4k1DECO.jpg
  • The baby boy, from Anhui Province, was found with five holes in his heart chambers after birth. The child underwent surgery at Nanjing Children’s Hospital on July 3 and had three holes closed. The other two were left open due to difficulty locating them accurately using a b-scan. Planning the second procedure, surgeon Sun Jian and his team created a 3D printed model of the child’s heart in order to better locate the holes. The second operation was carried out on July 21 and went smoothly, Sun said.

http://usa.chinadaily.com.cn/china/2015-08/18/content_21638203.htm

Precision health care in China to use 3D printing technology

Staff Reporter 2015-08-18

  • The Shanghai Children’s Medical Center has teamed up with Belgium-based 3D printing software developer Materialise to open a pediatric-specific 3D digital medical research facility in the Chinese medical center. The China Business News said the joint project aims to integrate 3D digital medical research with 3D printing technology, and use the combination in a wide range of applications, such as pediatric medical imaging, digital modeling, 3D fabrication and other clinical needs. Among the advantages of the technology is that doctors can use a model of a patient’s heart created by 3D printing to explain the operation to the patient in detail and inform them of the possible risks of the procedure.

http://www.wantchinatimes.com/news-subclass-cnt.aspx?cid=1204&MainCatID=12&id=20150818000177

3D printing technology helps build villa within three hours(1/3)

2015-08-13

  • A two-story building was constructed using 3D technology at the Nantong Vocational College in Nantong city, East China’s Jiangsu province, Aug 12, 2015. The 110 square meter structure was completed in three hours, using mainly prefabricated pieces, at a cost of 300,000 yuan ($46,000). Over 90 percent of the construction was done in factories, and then involved simple assembly on site, a source said. The prefabricated pieces were made of recyclable materials, such as straw and wooden waste. (Photo/CFP)

http://www.ecns.cn/visual/hd/2015/08-13/73847.shtml

People’s Liberation Army of China Now Using 3D Printers for Battlefield Drills

by Brian Krassenstein · August 12, 2015

  • As it turns out, the People’s Liberation Army (PLA), China’s armed forces, have actually been working with 3D printers. In fact, one such application was revealed to reporters earlier this week, and it certainly shows promise. In a recent supply operations drill conducted by the PLA, reporters were on hand to witness what they described as a ‘magic scene’ at the Chengdu Military Region, one of seven military districts in the country, located in China’s southwest quarter. The drill was conducted with a convoy of six oil tanker trucks in which one truck caught fire. As the soldiers scurried to put out the flames in a relatively quick fashion, preventing the fire from spreading to the other vehicles in the convoy, they noticed damage to the truck. In particular a coupling on the vehicle needed repair and the soldiers found that such a part was not available in their inventory.

http://3dprint.com/88641/china-army-pla-3d-print/

Chinese Girl to ‘Grow’ a Brand New Ear Thanks to 3D Printing

by Eddie Krassenstein · August 6, 2015

  • For one 9-year-old little girl in China, all she wanted was two ears that looked and functioned correctly. Xiao Min (real name is being kept private by her family), was born with a deformity to her right ear. Much like how a flower goes from bud to blossom, this ear never fully “blossomed”. Not only was this causing her difficulties with hearing, but she also didn’t like its appearance. A few months ago, Xiao’s father took her to the University of Hong Kong, Shenzhen Plastic Surgery Hospital, looking to find a solution to her problem. Here, doctors elected to use 3D printing technology in order to aid in the complete reconstruction of Xiao’s right ear.

http://3dprint.com/87296/3d-printed-ear-little-girl/

China’s breakthrough in 3D printing for shipbuilding

By Lee Hong Liang from Singapore

  • In the latest R&D development at China Shipbuilding Industry Corporation (CSIC), the state-owned shipbuilder announced that it has achieved a breakthrough in 3D printing. At CSIC’s 705th Research Institute, established in 1992 to develop and produce complicated castings and equipment, tests have been conducted on a technique called Direct Metal Laser Sintering (DMLS). The additive manufacturing technique uses laser as a power source to sinter powdered material, typically metal, aiming the laser at points in space defined by a 3D model, thereby binding the material together to create a solid structure, with up to 99% density.

http://www.seatrade-maritime.com/news/americas/chinas-breakthrough-in-3d-printing-for-shipbuilding.html

Chinese researchers make breakthrough in SLA 3D printing, soon be able to 3D print porcelain teeth in minutes

July 31, 2015 | By Alec

  • While 3D printed medical applications are slowly invading hospitals all over the globe, a remarkable number of Chinese hospitals, surgeons and research institutes are quickly adopting this fantastic technology. Just last week, we saw how an old Chinese man successfully recovered from a dangerous surgery with the help of 3D printing, but now an even more technological innovation has appeared in China. Yesterday, scientists from the Guangzhou Nansha Additive Manufacturing Technology Research Institute have unveiled a new SLA 3D printing technique that can be used to create detailed porcelain (and other ceramic) objects quickly. The research team over at the Nansha Additive Manufacturing Technology Research Institute in Guangzhou spent over a year developing this new 3D printer, and is currently in the debugging stage. While the unveiling is expected to take place in the very near future, it has already been leaked to reporters that the 3D printing speed is several times faster than comparable machines, while this 3D printer is also capable of working with a very large variety of materials, including ceramics, metal filler materials and more. Among its possible applications is a the fantastic medical solution of 3D printed porcelain teeth

http://www.3ders.org/articles/20150731-researchers-make-breakthrough-in-sla-3d-printing-soon-be-able-to-3d-print-porcelain-teeth.html

Chinese Surgeons Use 3D Printing to Aid in Intricate Spinal Surgery

by Hannah Rose Mendoza · July 23, 2015

  • The patient, “Peter Liu”, has suffered from back problems ever since he was a young man, and as he got older, the pain became more severe. It came to a climax when he found himself paralyzed, and doctors quickly realized that the only course of action that would help alleviate the pain and the paralysis, was to perform surgery on his spine. The space inside of his spinal column had narrowed until it was less than 1/3 of that of a healthy person. In addition, he had other issues affecting his lumbar, such as bone calcification and swelling that added pressure to the spinal canal’s nerves. Not that surgery done on any area of the body can be done haphazardly, but operating on the spine is particularly risky, as any small inaccuracy in movement can cause irreparable damage to joints and nerves. Despite the fact that this type of back problem is relatively common in older people, each case is still unique as there are a combination of causes, locations affected, physiognomy, and degrees of severity. Being able to have a 3D model of an individual’s spine prior to entering the surgical theater, is a vital part of preparing the medical team to address the patient at hand.

http://3dprint.com/83774/3d-printed-spinal-surgery/

Chinese Firm Builds Modular 3D-Printed Villa in 10 Days

July 24, 2015

  • In Xian, China, a new modular villa just popped up in only 10 days, reducing building costs to roughly $400 to $480 a square meter. ZhuoDa, the Chinese firm behind the build, completed approximately 90% of construction off-site Each of the modules weighs in at 100 kilograms per square meter and is capable of holding weight individually, which makes the structure able to withstand high-magnitude earthquakes. The firm also claims the homes can withstand wear for 150 years. Once the base is 3D printed, decorative sheet textures are applied to each module before assembly. Future homeowners are given several options, including jade, marble, wood, and granite. The house can be filled with heat insulating materials and herbs can be embedded in the walls for ‘aromatherapy’.

http://www.builderonline.com/newsletter/chinese-firm-builds-modular-3d-printed-villa-in-10-days-at-lower-costs_c

Chinese Company Introduces Bioprinted Dura Mater for Use in Brain Surgery

by Hannah Rose Mendoza · July 21, 2015

  • With a thickness of only 0.2 millimeters, the dura mater may appear to the eye to be no more than a wet paper towel but it has proved extremely difficult to replace. For this reason, it caused a great stir in the medical community when, earlier this year, Maipu Regenerative Medical Technology, also known as MedPrin, introduced the first generation of artificial dura mater products that had been 3D printed. Chief Technology Officer and Professor at Tsinghua University, Xu Tao described product as an unqualified success:

http://3dprint.com/83038/bioprint-dura-mater/

Peter Pancake – a Pancake 3D Printer That is Catching on in China

by Whitney Hipolite · July 20, 2015

  • For one young man in China, named Wu Yili, he believed so much in the idea of creating his very own pancake 3D printer that he even quit his high paying job at IBM to pursue the endeavor. Along with his fellow classmate from Tsingua University, Shikan Yue, he set out to build a business around the machine which he calls the Peter Pancake. Currently these pancake 3D printers are available at a food chain called 食好运 (roughly translated to “Good Luck Food”). Looking at the Peter Pancake you will notice that the machine looks very similar to a desktop 3D printer, with the exception that in place of the extruder it has a container full of pancake batter which is pumped out onto a griddle.

http://3dprint.com/82599/pancake-3d-printer-china/

Chinese Unveil Mysterious 3D Printed Houses – Built Out of Unique Material, Able to Withstand Devastating Earthquakes

by Brittney Sevenson · July 17, 2015

  • http://i.imgur.com/HGYEcjD.png
  • A company called Zhuoda Group has developed a very unique form of 3D printing buildings, so unique that not only have they applied for over 22 patents for the technology, but they also are reluctant to divulge the exact process. Unlike other forms of 3D printing of large structures, which use a cement base for construction, Zhuoda does not. In fact, the material that they use is being called a “secret”, although they have many parties interested in purchasing it. The buildings that they are fabricating are strong enough to withstand 9.0 magnitude earthquakes, stand up to harsh weather, and provide for superior insulation. Better yet, the material that these houses are constructed with also generates negative ions on a permanent basis, a feature that many Chinese will be quite happy with. On top this, the buildings are also fireproof, waterproof, and virtually corrosion-proof.

http://3dprint.com/82322/chinese-3d-modular-homes/

Baby becomes first person in the world to have 3D printed SKULL: Doctors use technology to save Chinese toddler whose head was four times normal size

By Anna Hodgekiss for MailOnline Published: 10:35 GMT, 16 July 2015

  • A toddler in China has made medical history after becoming the first person in the world to have her entire skull reconstructed by 3D printers. Known as the ‘big-head baby’, Han Han, 3, had a rare condition which made her head grow to four times the normal size.
  • There, surgeons used 3D printing technology to create a titanium alloy skull and successfully set it into Han Han’s head during a 17-hour operation. Prior to surgery, medics had used CT scans and 3D data to create three titanium mesh skull implants which combined, would replace the entire top portion of the toddler’s skull. During the operation, Han Han’s scalp and skull were removed. Her brain was then repositioned and the huge volume of excess fluid drained away.

http://www.dailymail.co.uk/health/article-3163478/Doctors-use-3D-printed-skull-save-Chinese-toddler-head-four-times-normal-size.html

Chinese Researchers 3D Print Rabbit & Goat Bones for Implantation Using Bone Powder & Bio-glue

by Whitney Hipolite · July 15, 2015

  • In Guangdong, China, at the Southern Medical University, a lot of progress is being made, thanks to Dean Professor Huang Wenhua. Wenhua and his students are using high-precision 3D printers to print out pure bone structures, made up of bone powder and a type of “bio-glue”. Unlike implants which we have seen in the past that feature 3D printed titanium powder, Wenhua’s structures are made up entirely of bone material, with no printed metal involved whatsoever.
  • The researchers are not quite there yet when it comes to implanting these bones into actual living creatures, but progress is being made. They note that rejection is still an issue, although they’ve found that the experimental rabbit and goat bones held up to just as much pressure as real bones do. So far the largest bone that they have printed measures just 15 cm in length. Anything larger than this becomes extremely fragile in it’s printed state, thus further studies in biomechanics are required and stronger biological materials need to be discovered.

http://3dprint.com/81530/3d-printed-rabbit-goat-bones/

3D-printed robot provides aid to empty nest elderly

Chinese Company Introduces an Affordable 3D Printed Robot That Aids The Elderly

by Brian Krassenstein · July 13, 2015

  • That’s just what one group is trying to do in Eastern China. Jiangxi Investment Co., Ltd. has been working quietly on a 3D printed robot which is suited for aiding the elderly within their homes. With an aging population that’s bound to grow, and at-home healthcare costs rising through the roof, this robot may be just what the doctor ordered, quite literally. The company, which began R&D on this robot back in 2012 as a means to capitalize on China’s growing elderly population, showed off a prototype last week. The body of the robot has been 3D printed to resemble Sun Wukong, the Monkey King. For those of you who are not living in the eastern part of the world, the Monkey King is a beloved fictional character, known by many within Asia. Basically he’s the Mickey Mouse of that region, and first became popular in a classic Chinese novel called Journey to the West. Most people in China regard this character as being lovable and friendly, therefore the company decided to design the machine in his likeness.

http://3dprint.com/80782/3d-printed-robot-chinese/

Chinese Man With Rare Form of Cancer Receives First 3D Printed Sacrum Bone in Breakthrough Surgery

by Whitney Hipolite · July 10, 2015

  • Wei, however, decided to try something new when it comes to sacral resection, in that he would, for the first time, use 3D printing technology to create a sacral prosthesis that would in effect take the place of Li’s removed sacrum. Using Li’s anatomy, they were able to construct a 3D model of the bone replacement. Once they had the model rendered correctly, they 3D printed it out of titanium, ensuring that the material was porous in structure to allow for Li’s normal bone to grow into and around it. This would ultimately allow the spine, pelvis and sacrum to all come together as one, like it was prior to the resection. After a 4-hour surgery, surgeons were able to completely remove the tumors, place and insert the 3D printed sacrum, and tie up all the loose ends. The surgery was deemed successful, and Li is expected to make a full recovery.

http://3dprint.com/80273/3d-printed-sacral-prosthesis/

Chinese woman receives the world’s first 3D printed titanium sternal

July 9, 2015

  • This miraculous sense of relief is perhaps unsurprising. With a tremendous sense of relief, she said, ‘my heart now has a sturdy guardian’. Mrs. Gu also felt very very lucky that this technology was available. ‘The magical of combination of high quality technology and advanced medical knowledge now really exists.’ And if you’re a patient with a dangerous condition, it definitely seems miraculous. The 54-year-old was diagnosed with a tumor in her sternum a year ago, which quickly caused a lot of medical problems. Excessive growth quickly caused the tumor to press on her chest, causing pain, tightness, a shortness of breath and other complications.
  • It is believed that this is the first time a 3D printed titanium sternum implant was surgically used. ‘We have never heard of any case about 3D printed titanium sternal implants. We contacted the relevant authorities and discovered that this is the first time that 3D printed titanium implants were ever used for sternal tumors and diseases,’ he added.

http://www.3ders.org/articles/20150709-chinese-woman-receives-the-world-first-3d-printed-titanium-sternal.html

Chinese firms moving into 3D printing

Staff Reporter 2015-07-02

  • The China Food and Drug Administration’s two-day seminar opened in Beijing on June 25 to improve understanding of the technology and the regulatory aspects surrounding its use, according to a statement released June 29. Several Chinese companies have entered the 3D printing business, in which only a handful of firms were interested just three years ago, the paper said. A market report showed that the 3D printing sector recorded an average annual growth of 27.4% during the past three years, and is set to become a US$6 billion business in 2019.

http://www.wantchinatimes.com/news-subclass-cnt.aspx?id=20150702000004&cid=1204

Chinese Cardiovascular 3D Printing Center — Materialise & Fu Wai Hospital Collaborate On Project

by Michelle Matisons · June 24, 2015

  • Leuven, Belgium-based Materialise is a pioneer in 3D printing software and services, providing Additive Manufacturing (AM) to healthcare, aerospace, art/design, automotive, and consumer products industries. Since 1990, Materialise has been involved in heart4providing AM options for medical applications, and this includes biomedical and clinical solutions like surgical simulations and medical imaging processing. So it’s no surprise that the company has teamed up with China’s largest cardiovascular hospital, which employs 2,551 medical and staff members. This large, state-of-the-art hospital was founded in 1956 and is a 788,160-square-foot facility. The hospital uses cutting-edge instruments for the medical examination of cardiovascular diseases, like the cardiac MRI scanner and 64-slice cardiac CT scanner. Now, with the agreement with Materialise, Fu Wai will have the ability to work with top of the line 3D printed, lifesaving heart models.
  • “We appreciate the opportunity to work with a company that has 25 years of experience in medical 3D Printing as they help us navigate opportunities and achieve medical 3D Printing goals in a safe, economical and sustainable way,” says Dr. Shenshou. “With this collaboration, Fuwai Hospital will become China’s leading center for 3D printed heart model education, spreading knowledge of the technology and how it can be used by surgeons to the benefit of the Chinese public.”

http://3dprint.com/75934/materialise-fu-wai-hospital/

Chinese, US Researchers Develop Accurate Hydrographic Printing for 3D Objects

China’s Winbo creates a full-scale 3D printed engine using 18 3D printers

Jun 17, 2015 | By Simon

  • http://i.imgur.com/CHldfGK.jpg
  • More recently, China’s Winbo Smart Tech Co.,Ltd, a 3D printer manufacturer that has multiple product lines of all multiple sizes and prices, took it upon themselves to create a full-scale working Toyota 4-cylinder engine using their own 3D printers. The company, which is based in Guangzhou City, previously made headlines in December of last year after launching the world’s first specialized 3D printing university in Guangzhou – Baiyun Winbo 3D Printing Technology College – which features a design center, a 3D printing center, a 3D printed products display center, a training center and study facilities for students looking to move forward with a career in additive manufacturing technologies.
  • To create the engine, which was sourced from Thingiverse user ericthepoolboy’s ‘Toyota 4 Cylinder Engine 22RE, Complete working model’ and used to highlight the turnaround time of 3D printed parts, design engineers at the company spend three full days printing the parts on multiple FFF and FDM-based 3D printers. The resulting functional 3D printed engine, which is made from a total of 130 individually 3D printed parts that were printed on 18 of the company’s various 3D printers, required just over 8 kg of PLA filament at a cost of $95.92. The final measurements of the assembled engine comes in at 55 cm x 49 cm x 46 cm.

http://www.3ders.org/articles/20150617-china-winbo-creates-a-full-scale-3d-printed-engine-using-18-3d-printers.html

Zhuhai CTC Electronic of China Secretly Working on InkJet 3D Printer

by Bridget Butler Millsaps · June 15, 2015

  • According to Luo Jun, the secretary-general of the World 3D Printing Technology Industry Alliance, this new 3D printer may have the ability to show us a new side of 3D printing, as well as demonstrating indeed what China is planning to do in the market. The Alliance comprises over 40 research institutes and enterprises from around the globe who are dedicated to communicating about and promoting the 3D printing industry. Currently, they too are waiting to set eyes–and hands–on this 3D printing innovation. Confirmed by Jianru Tan, Vice President of Zhuhai CTC Electronic, headquartered in Zhuhai, this technology which will feature a contemporary cube-like structure in black that is aesthetically appealing with curved panels and sleek lines, meant to appeal to both the scientist and the designer in each user.

http://3dprint.com/73333/china-inkjet-3d-printer/

3D-Printed Couture — 2015 Shining3D Fashion Show Design Contest Winners Announced

by Debra Thimmesch · June 15, 2015

  • Chinese 3D digitizing and printing titan, Shining3D teamed up with Pinshape, a growing online 3D-printing service and community, as well as an array of other sponsors to host the 2015 Shining3D Fashion Show Design Contest. Contestants were invited to submit entries between April 20 and May 15 and winning creations were presented on the runway and its backdrop of large-scale video screens at the Third World 3D Printing Technology Industry Conference and The Second World Expo, in Chengdu, China. Shining 3D, founded in 2014, is a broad-spectrum 3D digitizing and printing company. That is, they’ve been providing machinery and services in many different sectors, from industrial manufacturing and biomedical technology to education and cultural and artistic creation. Shining 3D can proudly boast being China’s first over-the-counter provider of 3D digitizing and 3D printing. Their market has expanded to a global one over the past ten years.
  • http://i.imgur.com/ujPH7jc.jpg
  • One of the most exciting possibilities where 3D printed couture is concerned is with headwear. The first prize winner Yonghe Wu, a graduate from the Institute of Arts and Crafts in Xiamen China and founder of Taishiyike, maskdemonstrated just how creative one can get with high-fashion, show-stopping design with his Printed Facial Makeup mask. The piece resembles one of the elaborate Venetian Carnevale masks. It’s metallic components are partly abstract and partly comprised of objects like a bird of paradise with tail feathers that elegantly conceal the right side of the wearer’s face. Wu took home ¥10,000, and an Einscan-S desktop 3D Scanner from Shining3D, and top billing at the fashion show.

http://3dprint.com/72506/3d-printed-couture/

Chinese inventor develops the first ever 3D printed washing machine for shoes

Jun 15, 2015

  • http://i.imgur.com/eF9U7Do.jpg
  • As Liu Feng tells 3ders.org, he is a 28-year-old from the Yunnan province in China, who has always dreamed of becoming an inventor and creating useful options for people. ‘In order to achieve my dream, I resigned from my job in the IT industry in late 2012, and began my career as an inventor,’ he says. However, becoming an inventor isn’t easy on a limited budget – that’s why Back to the Future’s Doc Brown poured his family fortune into inventing. ‘I was having a difficult time in the beginning, because components are just too expensive. Local factories were not able to make samples, and the time and logistics for many options are just out of control,’ he says. That is exactly why he turned to 3D printing technology for his specialized washing machine. ‘With 3D printers, I can try different things for the design, and the worst result would just be to waste materials. For this project, I used my 3D printer to print a lot of parts, of which 75% parts were eventually turned into scrap, but precisely because of these wasted products I found the best solution,’ he says.
  • The concept for this clever washing machine grew out of necessities in developing countries, Liu Feng tells us. ‘In developing countries where people are continuously building houses and roads, even city areas quickly get your shoes dirty. So I came up with the design of a small size shoe cleaning machine that can wash shoes very quickly while also saving water and electricity. This idea is not easy to implement, and I have failed many times; the whole project took about two years to complete,’ he says. As you can imagine, this required quite a bit of 3D printing. The entire basic machine features 55 3D printed components, while a superior automatic version of the machine features 75. Most parts are made in PLA, except for a handful of parts that needed to be polished before use and were therefore made in ABS. All of the parts were made with a Chinese clone of an early model Makerbot Replicator that Liu Feng modified where necessary, including increasing the print area to 295x155x155mm. In total, it takes 97 hours to print all the parts (359 grams of PLA and 141 grams of ABS necessary), though Liu Feng was prototyping for more than 850 hours to complete his interesting project.

http://www.3ders.org/articles/20150615-chinese-inventor-develops-the-first-ever-3d-printed-washing-machine-for-shoes.html

3D printing could solve China’s transplant organ shortfall

Staff Reporter 2015-06-14

  • Chen Jiming, a laser engineering professor at Beijing University of Technology, told the paper that developing 3D printing technology for medical use is a long process and that the best-case scenario is that that the industry will have to wait for five to 10 years before the technology makes any meaningful progress. A research report released by Dai Kerong of the Chinese Academy of Engineering (CAE) suggested that 3D printed legs helped a girl with lipoma to stand. Hangzhou Danzi University professor Xu Ming’en said that 3D biotech printing would use bio raw materials to form body parts to produce artificial organs or limbs.
  • Kang Yujian of the US Medical Center of Toxicological Research told the paper that biotech firms need to establish information technology units in preparation for the new business sector. The report added that biotech firms will also have to address possible ethical issues arising from the new technology. A research team from the Hangzhou Danzi University led by Xu has printed liver tissues and fat tissues, 90% of the printed materials can stay alive for four months.

http://www.wantchinatimes.com/news-subclass-cnt.aspx?id=20150614000020&cid=1102

3-year-old Chinese Girl Now Able to Speak and Eat Thanks to a 3D Printed Medical Model of Her Fused Jaw

by Brittney Sevenson · June 12, 2015

  • This last week, yet another major surgery has been made possible thanks to the rapidly advancing space. This time the subject was a 3-year-old girl born in Xinjiang, China by the name of Amina Khan. Khan, was unfortunately born with an extremely rare medical condition which left her upper and lower jaws fused together, in addition to other issues such as a cleft palate, palate fissures, and the inability to swallow properly.
  • Surgeons at the medical center realized just how delicate a situation they were dealing with, so instead of rushing things along, they decided to use a new technology at their disposal, a 3D printer, to print out a 1:1 scaled model of Amina’s jaw and skull. By doing this, they were able to visualize the procedure prior to actually bringing Amina under the knife. In fact, surgeons used the model to simulate the surgery before actually beginning the real procedure.j3 By doing this, they were able to drastically reduce the amount of time required for the procedure and make sure that the entire surgery was perfected before ever making a single incision on the actual patient.

http://3dprint.com/72888/3d-printed-jaw-model/

Surgeons to separate three-month-old conjoined twins with help of advanced 3D printing in first operation of its kind in China

By Emily Chan and Edward Chow For Mailonline Published: 09:57 GMT, 9 June 2015

  • Surgeons at the Shanghai hospital have simulated the complex operation using an accurate life-size model of the girls created using 3D printing, reported People’s Daily Online.

http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/peoplesdaily/article-3116590/Chinese-conjoined-twins-separated-using-3D-printing.html

Hunchback Woman Grows Almost 2-inches Thanks to 3D Printing & Advanced Surgical Procedure

by Whitney Hipolite · June 8, 2015

  • Surgeons decided that a pin needed to be implanted into Wong’s upper thoracic spine, and it would be a very risky and challenging procedure since a large number of blood vessels, and nerves resided in the area the pin would be inserted into. A minor mistake could lead to the paralysis of Wong. To help make this extremely difficult and risky surgery a bit less challenging, the surgical team opted to create a 3D printed model of Wong’s spine. Using a CT scanner and MRI data, they were able to create a comprehensive virtual model of the spine, before using a 3D printer to actually fabricate an exact replica. Using an inkjet 3D printer, which uses a binding agent to harden layers of power, one layer at a time, it took the team about 10 hours to print out the medical model.

http://3dprint.com/71675/hunchback-3d-print-surgery/

Designers unveil a gigantic 3D printed interactive wall at the 3D printing expo in China

Jun 6, 2015

  • http://i.imgur.com/N4PLTq7.jpg
  • There is always plenty to see and do at a convention on 3D printing technology, and the third annual World Conference and EXPO of the 3D Printing Technology in Chengdu, China, is no different. Yesterday we already saw the unveiling of a 3D printing kit aimed specifically at children, but a team of designers from Chinese 3D printing platform EAZER have also developed something fantastic: The Puzzle of All Things, a gigantic wall of modular 3D printed components that interact with you and your surroundings. The result is a gorgeous interactive wall full of bright colors that respond to music and even to the dancing of onlookers. Swining, jumping and even just walking past the wall create entirely different responses. The wall can even ‘communicate’ with users and the internet through a series of embedded sensors, enabling visitors to play a number of cool games with The Puzzle of All Things. It is, in short, something you cannot miss when visiting the four-day EXPO on 3D printing technology in Chengdu.

http://www.3ders.org/articles/20150606-designers-unveil-a-gigantic-3d-printed-interactive-wall-at-the-3d-printing-expo-in-china.html

Tiertime Teams with Chinese Aerospace Institution to Build Microgravity Capable 3D Printers

by Eddie Krassenstein · June 4, 2015

  • “As a world-leading 3D printing company, Tiertime uses constant innovation as a driving force of its development,” explained Guo Ge, CEO of Tiertime. “It is one of our goals to develop 3D printing technology that meets the research and development needs of the Aerospace Industry. Through this cooperation with one of China’s aerospace institutions, we are very confident that we will accomplish this goal.” Using their popular UP Plus 2 3D printer as a base to build upon, Tiertime will be looking to make changes to the printer’s dynamics to allow it to print in outer space. These changes will need to focus on the cooling system, extruder movement system, the material feeding mechanisms, distance control between the printer’s bed and the nozzle, and the fixation of the 3D printer itself, so that it doesn’t begin floating around in space.

http://3dprint.com/70771/tiertime-microgravity-printer/

Chinese Company Launches First 3D Foot Scanner Along With Ten 3D Printed Shoes

by Whitney Hipolite · June 2, 2015

  • The 3D foot scanner and a pair of partially 3D printed shoes from Jiaodu Technology http://i.imgur.com/KIGBD5A.jpg
  • For one Chinese startup, Jiaodu Technology, they have taken the idea of customization a step further by creating what they claim to be the first ever 3D foot scanner, aimed at making the customization process of footwear even more reliable. Jiaodu has just unleashed a new 3D footwear fabrication process which they refer to as “Foot of the Cloud” (rough translation) at a startup competition in China.
  • In just 3 seconds, the scanner can analyze a user’s foot, creating all the data necessary for the fabrication of a pair of shoes. The user then selects a style, and the shoes are 3D printed and shipped directly to their door. Traditionally, completely custom shoes like this were only made available for wealthy individuals, but now, thanks to Jiaodu and this new 3D foot scanner, a pair of shoes can be purchased for just a few hundred dollars.

http://3dprint.com/70161/3d-foot-scanner/

Chinese Researchers Aim to Fold Up Your Whole Room with 3D Printed, Foldable Furniture

by Bridget Butler Millsaps · June 1, 2015

  • Our homes seem to be where it all starts. Now, move over modernists–because just when you think you’ve seen it all in the furniture business, the technology of 3D printing allows it to move to a further, transformative level–and one that could transform the way you live, decorate, and move from space to space. If Chinese researchers Li Honghua andHu Ruizhen from the Simon Fraser University in Canada have anything to do with it, soon we’ll all be able to live in compact spaces like sophisticated New Yorkers–by way of compact, sophisticated furniture.
  • The researchers have completed a paper titled ‘Foldabilizing Furniture,’ which has just been accepted by The Special Interest Group on GRAPHics and Interactive Techniques (SIGGRAPH), a top annual conference of computer graphics experts where hundreds of booths exhibit the latest in computer graphics, animation, engineering, electronics, and more. Held in Los Angeles this year in August, the conference includes many interactive displays from August 9-13. This year, attendees will be getting the skinny on this new furniture which the researchers have been able to create with science, ergonomics, and a keen sense of design as well. “We show numerous foldabilization results computed at interactive speed and 3D-print physical prototypes of these results to demonstrate manufacturability,” state the researchers in their paper.
  • The algorithms are meant as a tool so that any designer or individual can explore space-saving options with not only a piece of furniture, but really for any 3D object for which ‘a patch scaffold abstraction is appropriate.’ With the ultimate result being to fold up your whole interior for the most part, the researchers have been engineering different, more complex methods so that shelves inside furniture will fold as well. Not relying just on hinges, they also employ slanting, part disconnection, and patch shrinking. The team tested 36 pieces of furniture in all regarding foldability, from benches to beds. In 3D printing, the researchers discovered not only can they 3D print the foldable pieces, but it may be possible to print the furniture in one piece, already folded. They are also examining the use and insertion of sliding parts such as drawers.

http://3dprint.com/69784/3d-printed-furniture-foldable/

Lenovo Steps Into 3D Printing Space — Unveils Chocolate Printers at Global Tech World Conference

by Brian Krassenstein · May 31, 2015

  • On Thursday, May 28, the first ever Lenovo Tech World Conference took place in Beijing, China. On hand was Yang Yuanqing, CEO of Lenovo, in addition to CEOs from numerous other large corporations such as Intel, Microsoft and Baidu. The conference served as a platform for Lenovo to show off new products as well as demonstrate several conceptual products that they have been working on, which they believe will change the way people interact with technology on a daily basis.
  • On display at the conference were 3D printers, which Lenovo stressed were currently only concepts, that could print objects out of chocolate. Over the last year we’ve seen a trickle of new machines capable of printing foods such as chocolate, nutella, and other materials with a paste-like consistency to them, but if a multi-billion dollar corporation like Lenovo were to enter this space we may soon begin to see a flurry of additional activity within the food printing industry.

http://3dprint.com/69627/lenovo-shenqi-3d-printer/

Chinese expedition team flies 3D printed drone on the South Pole

May 28, 2015

  • While 3D printed drones are supposed to be almost as capable as regular drones and suitable for all sorts of environments, that is obviously something that needs to be tested properly. But a video shown at the Xiangtan Hi-Tech Zone in China, shared by Liang Jianhong, an associate professor of Institute of Nechanical Engineering in Beihang University, seems to prove it. On it the blue skies and the endless whit ice of the South Pole was visible, complete with various brightly colored 3D printed drones disappearing into the distance.
  • These 3D printed drones were manufactured by the small 3D printing business Hunan Mengjing Three-Dimensional Technology Ltd., a high-tech enterprise in the Hi-Tech area of Xiangtan city in China, as part of an ambitious project. For from November 2014 all the way to March of this year, Liang Jianhong followed the 31st research expedition of the Chinese Antarctic Expedition Team. His goal? To fly the six drones he carried with him on the unique topography of the Antarctic ice and gather as much air data, complete with videos and photos, as possible. Throughout this amazing journey, Liang traversed a distance of nearly 30,000 nautical miles and recorded as much as possible about the project of the building of an ice airport by the Chinese team as possible with his drones.

http://www.3ders.org/articles/20150528-chinese-expedition-team-fly-3d-printed-drone-on-the-south-pole.html

New computational technique advances color 3D printing process

Posted: May 22, 2015

  • (Nanowerk News) Working with researchers at Zhejiang University in China, Changxi Zheng, assistant professor of computer science at Columbia Engineering, has developed a technique that enables hydrographic printing, a widely used industrial method for transferring color inks on a thin film to the surface of manufactured 3D objects, to color these surfaces with the most precise alignment ever attained. Using a new computational method they developed to simulate the printing process, Zheng and his team have designed a model that predicts color film distortion during hydrographic immersion, and uses it to generate a colored film that guarantees exact alignment of the surface textures to the object. The research will be presented at SIGGRAPH 2015, August 9 to 13, in Los Angeles.
  • http://i.imgur.com/PPlXLDH.jpg

http://www.nanowerk.com/news2/gadget/newsid=40174.php

3D Printing Saves a Woman’s Kidney: Surgeons perform impressive renal tumor surgery

by Whitney Hipolite · May 22, 2015

  • Earlier this month, doctors at Xiangya Hospital of Urology, Central South University in China, were able to not only successfully remove a tumor from a 60-year-old woman’s kidney, but in doing so they were also able to save that kidney — a feat that wouldn’t have been possible without the help of 3D printing. 60-year-old Lee was diagnosed with a left renal tumor. It was located right next to the renal hilum which consists of many vital arteries and veins. Typically a surgery to remove this type of tumor would not be possible. In most cases the entire kidney must be removed, in a procedure referred to as a “radical nephrectomy”. This is done in order to reduce the great risks of potentially cutting an important artery or vein in the process, or of having the patient suffer from IRI (ischemia-reperfusion injury).

http://3dprint.com/67530/3d-printed-kidney-tumor/

Shining3D to Spin Off Regenovo Bio-Printing Brand, Enter 3D Printing Resin Market

by Brian Krassenstein · May 21, 2015

  • As we’ve mentioned on numerous occasions in the past, the Chinese 3D printing space has, up until recently, concentrated more on copying the technology of companies from the West rather than innovating and developing their own new technologies. This has been slowly changing, however, and there is no company which embodies these changes as well as Xiaoshan, Hangzhou, China-based Shining3D. The publicly traded Shining3D has quickly emerged on the 3D printing and scanning scene, launching a series of new innovative products over the last 12 months. They also are the parent company of Regenovo Biotechnology, a 3D bio-printing company with Independent Intellectual Property Rights (IIPR) in China for a machine which they say can print a mini liver sample in under an hour’s time.
  • http://i.imgur.com/Ew8l3X6.png

http://3dprint.com/67183/shining3d-regenovo/

Cutting-edge method breathes life into complex 3D-printed objects

Published time: May 14, 2015

  • A technique for physically decorating 3D surfaces with user-customized color textures has been generated by a team of researchers from China and the US. The new method is cost-effective and can be used on a range of materials, from plastic to porcelain. A group of researchers from Zheijiang and Columbia Universities have titled their trailblazing method ‘computational hydrographic printing’. According to Kun Zhou, a Cheung Kong professor in the Computer Science Department of Zhejiang, the new method goes with a very low operation cost (less than 40 US cents per printing). While hydrographic printing (the technique used for transferring color inks on a thin film to the surface of a manufactured 3D object) enables high-quality coloring of object surfaces, it’s notorious for the inability to precisely register color texture to complex patterns. According to the researchers, it’s “uncontrollable” in the sense that the surface location where the color ink is transferred to is totally unpredictable. As a result, these limitations render it impossible to generate certain 3D surface textures.
  • Computational Hydrographic Printing (SIGGRAPH 2015)https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YlUhPrAqiY0

http://rt.com/news/258461-decorating-3d-hydrographic-printing/

Chocolate created by the upcoming Choctory 3D printer showcased at Bakery China 2015

May 14, 2015 | By Alec

  • There were lots of delicious chocolate creations to be seen at the Bakery China, the 18th annual international bakery exhibition in Shanghai. This is global event that brings companies and manufacturers into contact with the latest trends and innovations in the world baking, as well as with thousands of visitors. This year, over 80,000 professionals flocked to the exhibition. But for us 3D printing fanatics, the most exciting thing on display was surely the chocolate creations made with the upcoming Choctory 3D printer.
  • http://i.imgur.com/LQSPVIt.png
  • http://i.imgur.com/20igDPj.jpg

http://www.3ders.org/articles/20150514-chocolate-created-by-the-upcoming-choctory-3d-printer-showcased-at-bakery-china-2015.html

Chinese Surgeons 3D Print a Spine Replica to Help with Incredibly Delicate Surgery

by Heidi Milkert · May 12, 2015

  • Along with the United States, China is leading the way, particularly within the 3D printed medical model space. We’ve see a number of complicated, delicate surgeries performed with greater knowledge and confidence thanks to 3D printed models that replicate the human anatomy. One such surgery recently took place at the Orthopaedic Hospital of Zhengzhou City in China, where a 28-year-old woman named Yan had suddenly begun suffering from numbness and difficulty standing, walking, and grasping items. Up until that point Yan had been a normal, healthy young adult, but when she went in for an exam, doctors found that her third cervical vertebra had a serious congenital malformation. This caused Yan to suffer from a condition known as atlantoaxial dislocation, causing the nerves near the rear of her spinal cord to compress. This compression led to the lack of feeling and movement that Yan had been experiencing.

http://3dprint.com/64550/3d-printed-spine/

China Begins Construction on Its First National 3D Printing Lab

by Scott J Grunewald · May 11, 2015

  • The Chinese government recently finalized a deal with Hunan Farsoon Hi-tech Co. Ltd. to build and manage a new, national engineering lab focusing entirely on 3D printing. Late last month, Hunan Farsoon held a ceremony to officially launch the massive construction project for the new, state of the art facility. And despite ground barely being broken, the lab has already developed a full slate of projects and goals to carry it through the next three years.
  • Xu also wants to Increase individual component precision and manufacturing efficiency by a minimum or 100%. Additionally they aim to develop new or upgraded additive manufacturing equipment and technologies as well as a minimum of 15 polymer materials suitable for 3D printing complex structures and geometries. He also expects the lab to apply for at least 28 new patents on the various technologies and materials that are developed. The new lab will be funded by and report directly to China’s National Development and Reform Commission in Beijing. The commission is directly responsible for the study and implementation of social and economic development policies as well as maintaining, and when needed, restructuring the Chinese economic system and policies.

http://3dprint.com/64092/china-national-3d-print-lab/

Chinese Company Teams with Intel to 3D Print Large BunnyPeople™ Robot Integrated With RealSense

by Whitney Hipolite · May 8, 2015

  • This year at the annual Intel Developer Forum (IDF15), held in Shenzhen, China, Intel teamed with a Chinese 3D printing company to create a rather intuitive 21st century version of the famed BunnyPeople. The 2015 version of the Intel Mascot is much more advanced than the original 1997 stuffed animal version. This years version is a 1 meter tall robot which can interact, tell stories, and even pick out and identify different animals. The robot was quite the attraction at IDF15 with many people stopping to take pictures with it. Little did they know that this version of the BunnyMan was actually 3D printed and equipped with Intel’s Real Sense technology.
  • Nanjing Profeta Tech. has created other amazing works of art using 3D printing as well, including a full 3D printed Iron Man suit. Teaming with Intel though, allowed them to create a fully functional robot, that happened to be the talk of the town at the Intel Developer Forum. It should be interesting to see if Intel builds upon this, and perhaps we will once again see BunnyPeople making appearances on TV commercials around the world.
  • http://i.imgur.com/ZnlUkUB.jpg

http://3dprint.com/63912/intel-bunnypeople-3d-printed/

Chinese Firm To Test 3D Printed Artificial Bone Implant In Humans

By Sami Ghanmi | May 05, 2015

  • (Photo : Reuters) Chinese doctor Liu Zhongjun poses for pictures with a spine model implanted with a 3D-printed artificial axis, at Peking University Third Hospital in Beijing. Whether it is a prosthetic limb or a part of a skull, 3D printing always presents a huge chance of survival for the patients. http://i.imgur.com/GMSxAXi.jpg
  • With the emergence of 3D printing technology and its role in various industries such as medicine, electronics manufacturing and engineering, a Chinese firm is taking advantage of a printing process called Filament Free Printing (FFP) to enable 3D printing of complex and artificial bone structures. With the use of this printing process, scientists at Xi’an Particle Cloud Advanced Materials Technology Co., Ltd recently implanted an artificial bone into a rabbit at the Department of Orthopedic Surgery in Xijing Hospital in Xi’an, China. Their results show the growth of new cells on the surface of the bone, according to a report.

http://www.chinatopix.com/articles/48101/20150505/chinese-firm-test-3d-printed-artificial-bone-implant-humans.htm

3D printer making Chinese space suit parts

English.news.cn 2015-05-04

  • BEIJING, May 4 (Xinhua) — Chinese researchers have used 3D printing technology to make a safer space suit for astronauts while spacewalking. A research center under the China Aerospace Science and Technology Corporation used a 3D printer to create the vent pipes and the flanges connecting the pipes used on extravehicular space suit, according to a recent report from China Space News. The vent pipe and the flange as a whole can improve the reliability and safety of the space suit, and suits can be made more efficiently. Researchers will use the technique to make more parts, says the report. The technology has been approved by the Scientific Research Training Center for Chinese Astronauts.
  • Wang Lianfeng, senior engineer at the academy, says the 3D printing technology is suitable for making parts with complicated structures and odd shapes, such as the valves of rocket engines. “It’s very difficult to process the complicated parts by traditional methods,” says Wang. For example, it takes two groups of workers, working shifts around the clock, more than two weeks to make a part of a rocket engine, but a 3D printer can do it in just 16 hours. Wang says China is on the cutting edge of 3D printing technology. The multi-laser metal 3D printer in the Shanghai Academy of Spaceflight Technology is like a gray-colored cabinet. The 3D printer used in space is similar to regular printer in principle, but it should be smaller and lighter, and must undergo more zero gravity tests, says Wang. There are still many difficulties to overcome in 3D printing in space. Researchers are still developing materials suitable for 3D printing and the precision of 3D printed items needs to be improved, Wang adds.

http://news.xinhuanet.com/english/2015-05/04/c_134209220.htm

Chenyue Technology Company Unveils New Flexible, Transparent 3D Printer Filament

by Brittney Sevenson · April 29, 2015

  • http://i.imgur.com/njxRmcH.png
  • Today ShenZhen Chenyue Technology Co., Ltd. announced one of these new materials. The company, based in ShenZhen, China, is known for their wide range of filament, offered mainly in Asia. Today’s announcement is for another flexible material that they call Golden Dolphin Flexible Filament. The filament–which is said to have outstanding thermal properties, and is available in both transparent and opaque colors–could have multiple uses for the avid 3D printing enthusiast. Chenyue Technology has not officially announced pricing details for this new line of filament yet, and they warn customers to keep the filament away from damp environments as it may cause less than optimum print quality.

http://3dprint.com/61480/flexible-transparent-filament/

Chengdu’s 3D future

Policies to support entrepreneurs and innovation are attracting global business to Chengdu, including the growing 3D printing market

By Li Yu and Peng Chao 7:08PM BST 25 Apr 2015

  • Helping hand: an artificial limb printed at Wiki-factory’s Chengdu officehttp://i.imgur.com/LBxfCoR.jpg
  • Many foreigners have already seen the business opportunities and decided to invest or start businesses in the Sichuan provincial capital. Nicolai Peitersen, a Dane who used to work for the Central Bank of Denmark and J. P. Morgan in London, and business partner, Christina Rebel of Spain, plan to set up a 3,000-square-metre innovation base in Chengdu, offering professional training programmes and 3D printing equipment to innovative and creative personnel.
  • He said he was optimistic about the development of 3D printing technology in Chengdu, and that the new technology would accelerate the city’s development. In June, Chengdu will become the first city in Southwest China to hold the World 3D Printing Technology Industry Conference. The event, which has previously been held in Beijing and Qingdao, is expected to draw more than 1,500 guests and 200 3D printing companies.

http://www.telegraph.co.uk/sponsored/china-watch/technology/11563260/3D-printing-chengdu.html

Successful test of rocket engine parts made by 3D printer in China

Staff Reporter 2015-04-25

  • According to China Aerospace Science & Industry Corporation, a research institute under the corporation recently recorded a successful engine test in which the engine included parts made using 3D printers, marking a breakthrough in China’s ability to produce 3D printed rocket engine parts. In order to address the complicated composition and high cost of engine igniters, the institute has experimented with adopting 3D printing techniques in the process of producing igniter enclosures, teaming up with local printing companies to create the first batches of the 3D printed enclosures.
  • The institute will continue to expand the application of 3D printing techniques and use them in the production of various types of enclosures for igniters and other engine parts, in an effort to reduce costs in engine production. Compared with traditional techniques, 3D printing techniques have the advantages of lower costs and better flexibility in molding and the techniques have caught the attention of the global aviation industry.

http://www.wantchinatimes.com/news-subclass-cnt.aspx?id=20150425000004&cid=1101

3D Printed Liver Model Saves Man’s Life in China

by Whitney Hipolite · April 23, 2015

  • For one 35-year-old man, named Mr. Wu, he had been suffering from severe stomach discomfort and diarrhea for over 4 years. Misdiagnosed with a condition known as gastroenteritis, he had continued to live in pain and agony, until he was recently diagnosed with primary liver cancer. Doctors had found a large tumor located on Wu’s right hepatic lobe area. This tumor measured an incredible 10.6 cm x 11.7 cm x 12.4 cm in size and was connected to the right hepatic portal vein and its smaller venous branches. This is the area of the body that moves blood from the gastrointestinal tract and the spleen to the liver. The tumor was entangled with these veins, making it extremely difficult to see exactly how it was intertwined, thus leaving surgeons with no surgical options when simply using 2-dimensional CT scans and other radiology equipment. Wu’s irregular tumor had found its way around his celiac artery as well, complicating matters even worse. Prior to 3D printing being available Wu would have most likely have been told to go home, and live out the rest of his days, or if they would have attempted to operate, typically such a surgery would have required Wu to have 70% of his liver cut out. This would have left him with a severely damaged liver, likely causing liver failure. However, 3D printing turned this surgery, which could have been considered “inoperable” just a year or two ago, into a remarkable success story. Using 3D modeling and scan data, doctors were able to create a 1:1 copy of Wu’s liver, veins and tumor, thus allowing them to carefully observe exactly where the tumor legions existed, and better prepare for surgery. Instead of having to remove 70% of Wu’s liver like they would have been required to do without the use of this model, surgeons were able to remove just 42.8% of the organ, while Wu suffered much less time under the knife, and less blood loss.

http://3dprint.com/60215/3d-printed-liver-model-saves-mans-life-in-china/

Chinese Doctors Successfully Use 3D Printing for Major Hip Replacement Surgery

by Eddie Krassenstein · April 21, 2015

  • A 42-year-old woman, named Ms. Zhao, who lives in Jimsar County, in Xinjiang, China, had been suffering from severe hip pain. In fact, 3 years ago the pain began to become so severe that she could hardly walk any longer. She had gone from hospital to hospital, looking for a solution, but could not find anything that would ease the pain. One hospital even completely misdiagnosed her as having a herniated disc in her spine. However, earlier this month, Zhao visited the Fifth Affiliate Hospital and to her excitement found a doctor who could help.
  • Previously, prior to the use of 3D printing, all surgeries would have been conducted using only 2D photos taken from CT scans and MRIs as reference points. Thanks to 3D printing though, doctors now had a virtual copy of Zhao’s entire pelvis, sitting in front of them. This allowed for precise surgical planning, and it provided a guide for surgeons during the operation. “Using this computer-aided 3D model design, you can clearly visualize the preoperative surgical site, to develop the most scientific and reasonable surgical options,” said Liu Depeng. “Intraoperative 3D guide plates can be used to assist precise positioning to ensure the accuracy of the surgery.”

http://3dprint.com/59617/3d-printed-hip-replacement/

China Eastern Airlines Successfully 3D Prints Airplane Parts for Boeing 777-300ER Aircraft

by Whitney Hipolite · April 13, 2015

  • In the past couple of years, various companies have been experimenting with implementing 3D printing into the manufacturing of aircraft parts, proving that the technology can uphold the largest safety concerns of them all. Today it has been announced that China Eastern Airlines Co., Ltd. has successfully 3D printed many parts of on their in-service Boeing 777-300ER aircraft. These parts include the aircraft door handle covers, aircraft seats, and other cabin components and signs. This makes the company, China’s first civil aviation enterprise that is using 3D printing technology to manufacturing aircraft parts, and is quite a large step in innovating upon age-old manufacturing techniques. It is noted that 3D printing is expected to help China Eastern Airlines create parts as needed, rather than having to stock thousands of individual units for each and every part that could and potentially will need to be replaced on their aircraft. It also provides for other advantages such as flexibility, ease of assembly, reduced part procurement costs, and the ability to customize each aircraft cabin on a one-to-one basis.

http://3dprint.com/57751/china-eastern-airlines-3d-print/

Chinese Government to Put 3D Printers in All 400,000 Elementary Schools by Next Year

by Brian Krassenstein · April 8, 2015

  • Speaking with former MakerBot CEO, Jenny Lawton, at CES this year, she told me that 3D printing will become mainstream and really begin to explode as far as adoption rates go, when a full cycle of education has been exposed to the technology. Just like many of us who were exposed in school to desktop computing back in the ’80s and ’90s can’t envision not having access to a computers now, the children of today may one day think the same about 3D printers.
  • According to Shen, the Chinese government has a new policy to install a 3D printer in each of its approximately 400,000 elementary schools over the next two years. This number caught me totally off guard for two reason. First of all, that’s a lot of elementary schools. For instance, in the United States we have approximately 70,000 elementary schools, and approximately 100,000 total public schools. As a nation we could easily match China’s ambitions. If the average desktop 3D printer costs $1,000, that would equate to about $100M in added expense to the education budget of our nation. Sounds like a lot cash, and certainly it is, but such a figure would only equate an additional tax burden of around $0.30 for each man, woman, and child in this country.

http://3dprint.com/56699/china-3d-printers-schools/

Chinese Doctors Complete Extremely Difficult Wrist Surgery Thanks to 3D Printing

by Whitney Hipolite · April 1, 2015

  • One 21-year-old university student in China, named Xiao Wang, was guilty of doing something that many of us do on occasion. He was walking around playing with his cell phone, not paying attention to where he was going, when he accidentally fell directly on his wrist, causing a significant injury. When taken to the Wuhan Puren Hospital, in the Central China province of Hubei, doctors did a CT scan on his wrist discovering that not only had he fractured his right hamate bone, but he also had broken his fourth metacarpel. For those of you unfamiliar with these bones, the fourth metacarpel is the bone on the top of your hand that connects to your ring finger, while the hamate is a tiny little bone that makes up the wrist, located just below this fourth metacarpel (see image). This caused a significant problem for orthopedic surgeon Liu Rong, who could not accurately see the exact breaks of both these bones on traditional x-rays and CT scans. Since the breaks were so close together the surgery seemed nearly impossible. There was hope though, as Liu Rong and his team decided to utilize 3D printing in order to more accurately assess the damage to Wang’s right wrist.

http://3dprint.com/55119/wrist-surgery-3d-printing/

Chinese Man 3D Prints Entire Functioning Bicycle Out of Plastic

by Whitney Hipolite · March 30, 2015

  • A man named Mr. Mei was on hand to showcase a 3D printed plastic bicycle unlike anything we have seen in the past. Certainly this was not the first 3D printed bike that we have covered. We’ve already seen several innovatively designed bicycles come about using 3D printing technology. There have been bikes printed in titanium, as well as those created using 3D printed joints. Mr. Mei’s bike, however, was quite different.
  • http://i.imgur.com/4JNRhDe.jpg
  • Built almost entirely of 3D printed plastic parts, it featured a bright green and pink frame, orange seat, red handlebars, black wheels and purple tires. It was all created using a 3D printer that cost him just 10,000 Chinese Yuan ($1612). With the recent introduction of flexible 3D printer filaments, the possibilities of what can be created are growing at an extraordinary rate. For example, bike tires can now be printed in a softer, more shock absorbing material, while the frame and wheels can be printed in the stronger, more rigid ABS filaments. The bike seat can now be comfortable to sit on thanks to the same flexible material used to fabricate the wheels, while the pedals and handlebars remain rigid as well.

http://3dprint.com/54601/chinese-3d-printed-bike/

3D Printing a Bronze Dinosaur: Tany Foundry Combines Technologies for One-of-a-Kind Masterpiece

by Eddie Krassenstein · March 27, 2015

  • http://i.imgur.com/Iw5fqAG.jpg
  • For one China-based company, called Tany Foundry, 3D printing is just one of the tools they use in creating custom bronze cast products. With over 30 years’ experience, they pride themselves on being able to get the job done, no matter what the size of the project may be. One of these technologies happens to be 3D printing. “We have many sculpture projects which are made from the workflow of 3D printing and bronze casting,” Owen Weng, Project Manager for Tany Foundry, tells 3DPrint.com. “The application of 3D printing technology has revolutionized the production of sculptures. The streamlined workflow from 3D model to bronze casting frees up artists and lets them spend more time on designing.”
  • The latest project which Weng and his team completed was a 32-inch-long dinosaur which was designed by artist Travis Tischler. Using Zbrush, the team 3D modeled the dinosaur to capture all of its high level of detail. Then the ZTL (Zbrush) file was converted into a 3D printable STL file, just prior to sending it off to the company’s 3D Systems 3D printer to get printed out. Weng tells us that it took them approximately five days to 3D print the 13 individual pieces, which were all printed at a 10 micron resolution. Then, using the 3D printed objects, the foundry created silicon rubber molds, before using lost wax casting to cast the objects in bronze. Basically the rubber molds are made around the objects, and then the wax models are created from these molds. Once this is complete, plaster is formed around the wax models. The wax is melted out, and the plaster molds are then filled with the melted metal. Once hardened, the molds are removed and the company is left with a brilliant metal dinosaur.

http://3dprint.com/54230/bronze-dinosaur/

Chinese Company 3D Prints a Full-size Working Car for Just $1770

by Whitney Hipolite · March 25, 2015

  • http://i.imgur.com/xZ9xQuf.jpg
  • 3D printing is going big, not just in a metaphorical sense. We have seen 3D printed buildings and cars begin to emerge as innovators look to the potential that this technology could have in the future. We saw the world’s first 3D printed car, the Urbee created in 2013. Then last year, a company called Local Motors surprised us all by 3D printing their Strati car in record time. Since then, Local Motors has been quickly iterating upon the processes they use and have already accomplished the full 3D printing of the Strati in just 44 hours flat. They are now in the process of opening up microfactories worldwide in hopes of 3D printing custom vehicles for clients.
  • China Unveils Country’s First 3D Printed Car https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IRTDwc6LvcA
  • “The density of the material is much lighter than that of the metal, only one-seventh or one-eighth,” explains Chief Designer Chen Mingqiao. “Lighter weight will help save energy in the future.” Printed in a “Tyrant Gold” filament, the car used an astounding 500kg of filament in the 3D printing process. In total, including 1000 yuan for electricity and labor, the car cost about 11,000 yuan ($1770) to build. The 3D printed body itself, is estimated to have cost about 10 yuan per KG of material, meaning it costs the manufacturer about 5000 yuan ($805) to fabricate. This “Tyrant Gold” car can seat two, and travel at speeds of up to 40km/h (25 MPH). It measures 3.6-meters long (11.9ft) and 1.63-meters (5.5ft) wide. Obviously, this is a great accomplishment for the Chinese based company, but it doesn’t come close to competing with what Local Motors has done or continues to do with their vehicles. Not only does the Strati look better, and go faster (40 MPH), but it is also able to be 3D printed in just 44 hours, compared to this car which took 5 days to complete. The Strati also features many more 3D printed parts, other than just the car’s body, including its seats and chassis.

http://3dprint.com/53532/chinese-3d-printed-car/

Xuberance Unveils Intricate 3D Printed Wedding Dress at TCT Asia

by Bridget Butler Millsaps · March 13, 2015

  • What an incredible thing to meet your soul mate and engage in all the phases of a relationship which many often hope will lead to the ultimate summation: The proposal. The wedding. The wedding dress. And while details and planning can swirl madly about regarding the event itself, finding the perfect dress can sometimes be as elusive as finding the perfect mate. For most, the search for a wedding dress becomes just that, because these days most women simply are not skilled in the art of sewing. It’s certainly rare that a bride or her mother would design and sew a dress, arriving to the altar in a beautifully handmade gown of her own — unless she is Vera Wang. With 3D printing, however, this may be in the future more and more.
  • Not only does a 3D printed wedding dress present the unique type of innovative flair many brides would surely love to integrate into the wedding event — which these days often also has the potential to become a competitive, one-upping gala — but it does indeed allow a bride to get what she wants out of this symbolic gown that may only ever be worn once. Hailing from Shanghai, China, Xuberance is aptly named. They have just presented their 3D printed wedding dress to the world at TCT Asia, in progress this weekend, March 12-14, at the Shanghai Convention & Exhibition Center of International Sourcing. Dedicated to 3D printing and 3D printed products and their development, the show has hundreds of exhibitors and many thousands of visitors from all over the world who look forward to the inspiration of speakers in the industry as well as seeing some of the stunning new products and creations.

http://3dprint.com/50679/3d-printed-wedding-dress/

The ‘World’s First’ 3D Printed Air Conditioner Sells in China for $6395

by Whitney Hipolite · March 13, 2015

  • http://i.imgur.com/BEmsUQ6.jpg
  • China has been at the forefront of 3D printing, taking the technology and utilizing it in ways that other countries around the world have been reluctant to do. Whether it is 3D printing houses, apartment buildings, or other large objects which some look at in amazement, while others just ask, “why”?, China certainly has been grabbing the attention of the international media when it comes to 3D printing intuitively designed products. So what could possibly be next for the world’s most populated country? How about a 3D printed, aesthetically designed, working air conditioning unit? This is exactly what Chinese multinational consumer electronics and home appliance company, Haier Group has come up with. The Qingdao, Shandong based firm has unveiled what they call the “World’s first 3D printed air conditioner” — although some may debate that fact. This week at the Appliance & Electronics World Expo 2015 in Shanghai, the company was on hand to present the new 3D printed appliance.

http://3dprint.com/50805/3d-printed-air-conditioner/

Hypnotic Robot 3-D Prints Webs Like a Spider

Joseph Flaherty Date of Publication: 03.03.15

  • Lei Yu is a Ph.D. candidate at Tsinghua University in Bejing, and during a recent workshop he was struck by the idea of a robot that could 3-D print its own plastic shell, much like a caterpillar crafts a cocoon. This poetic vision inspired Yu and a team of engineering students from Tongji University to spend three weeks creating a bespoke ‘bot using off-the-shelf 3-D printer components, like those in a MakerBot, and a Kuka robotic arm used in applications as diverse as auto assembly lines and the Harry Potter ride in Florida.
  • However, their robotic reverie soon was dashed by physics. “We immediately realized that the single plastic thread was not capable of covering this large a span,” says Yu, who turned to biology for inspiration. “We looked to nature for clues and the microstructure of spider silk sparked our imaginations.” He learned that spider silk isn’t just a fine thread, but rather a dynamic filament with nodules distributed periodically. He sought to replicate it.

http://www.wired.com/2015/03/hypnotic-robot-3-d-prints-webs-like-spider/

Incredibly Simplistic ‘Creation Station’ 3D Printer & 3Dit Software Launch on Kickstarter

by Brian Krassenstein · March 2, 2015

  • Nothing can be more frustrating than purchasing a 3D printer only to find yourself dumbfounded by the hardware and software knowledge required to run it that you might not possess. As we’ve mentioned so many times before, one of the major obstacles to widespread adoption of 3D printing is the fact that the software and hardware can be difficult to set up and use. Even some of the most tech-savvy individuals can find themselves in a web of confusion while trying to print their first item. That’s if they can manage to get their printer calibrated and running properly to begin with. Shanghai, China-based Anvil Technology wants to change all of this, by launching a Kickstarter crowdfunding campaign for a complete 3D printing software/hardware ecosystem called the Creation Center. The Creation Center is a simplistic 3D printer like nothing you have ever seen before, combined with a 3D modelling software based on a building block concept.
  • the instructional video to Anvil 3D Creation Centerhttps://www.youtube.com/watch?v=voBqw7RrmC0

http://3dprint.com/48003/creation-station-3d-printer/

China’s first medical 3D printing R&D center established in Changchun

(People’s Daily Online) 08:18, February 15, 2015

  • In recent years, along with the development of 3D printing, the technology is also applied in medical field. Some hospitals have begun to use 3D-printed artificial joints for prosthetic replacements in Changchun, northeast China’s Jilin province. At the same time, China’s first medical 3D printing R&D center was established in Changchun recently, which will promote the application of the technology in clinical medicine. (Chinanews/Zhang Yao) http://i.imgur.com/knW6xQl.jpg

http://en.people.cn/n/2015/0215/c98649-8850848.html

China to bolster 3D printing industry

English.news.cn 2015-02-28 20:53:36

  • BEIJING, Feb. 28 (Xinhua) — China will boost its 3D printing sector to help domestic enterprises master core technology and compete abroad, the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology (MIIT) said on Saturday.
  • The government will help establish a primary industry for the sector by 2016, it said. The ministry also plans to set up an industrial association and to build five or six research centers. The government hopes the sector can catch up with cutting-edge companies internationally and grab a lion’s share in the market, especially in aviation. The ministry expects the sector to grow around 30 percent year on year in 2016, it said.

http://news.xinhuanet.com/english/2015-02/28/c_134027009.htm

Chinese firm to bring 3D printed homes to Egypt

BEIJING, February 11, 2015

  • WinSun …. creating history with 3D printed homes.
  • WinSun Decoration Design Engineering, a China-based company behind the 3D printing house technology, has clinched a major 20,000-unit order from Egypt government, said a top official. These houses are made using an exclusive printing ‘ink’ made of recycled construction waste, glass fibre, steel, cement and special additives, remarked Ma Yi He, the chief executive of WinSun, as he showcased the single-storey printed house pre-ordered by the Egyptian government.
  • Egypt’s military rulers have promised to build a million affordable homes by 2020, he added. Winsun had last year created history by constructing a set of 10 single-storey 3D-printed homes in a single day. Now it is back with another landmark feat – the world’s tallest 3D printed building – a five-storey apartment block – and a 1,100-sq-m mansion with internal and external decoration to boot, stated Ma.
  • Unveiling the project at Suzhou Industrial Park in Jiangsu province, Ma said the pieces for the building were printed in WinSun’s factory and assembled at the industrial park near Shanghai. The print machine is 6.6-m tall, 10-m wide, and 150-m long. “This is the world’s first continuous printing 3D printer, and the largest 3D house printer in the world,” he added.-TradeArabia News Service

http://www.tradearabia.com/news/IND_275301.html

China to Be World’s Largest Market for 3D Printers

Annie D. | Feb 07, 2015 10:10 AM EST

  • China is set on helping XYZprinting company achieve an unprecedented sales of 1 million 3D printers worldwide within three years. By 2016, China wants to surpass the United States and Europe as the biggest regional market for 3D printers. This year, XYZprinting’s goal is to sell at least 100,000 3D printers as it expands to China and the U.S. Interested consumers can get the breakthrough printers starting from 3,999 yuan.
  • Expecting a huge demand from its Chinese market, the chairman of the company, Simon Shen, shared that it already started the production of these printers in the provinces of Suzhou and Dongguan.

http://en.yibada.com/articles/12396/20150207/china-to-be-worlds-largest-market-for-3d-printers.htm

3D printing ready to revolutionize manufacturing

2015-02-02 09:36 China Daily Web Editor: Qin Dexing

  • In October, the southern Chinese city of Changsha launched an industrial park. What sets it apart from other manufacturing centers is that it is poised to play a key role in the growth of Chinese technology. The development is China’s first hub for 3D printing technology, and was established with an immediate goal to produce 100 3D printers, and to triple the number of devices by 2016. Taking Changsha’s lead, the cities of Wuhan and Zhuhai have announced plans to develop similar industry hubs.
  • 3D printing, also known as additive manufacturing, has already been used to produce cars, buildings, guns and even artificial body parts. “In the medical field, Chinese scientists have gone a step further, using live tissue to create organs and print ears, livers and kidneys,” adds Smith.
  • In Asia, XYZprinting, a company backed by Taiwan’s electronic manufacturing conglomerate Kinpo Group, launched the world’s first allin-one 3D printer with built-in scanner. A 3D printer introduced in late 2014 and developed by China Aerospace Science and Industry Corp is due to be mass-produced and available later this year. Li & Fung, a Hong Kong-based consumer goods design, logistics and distribution company, has in recent years run a series of 3D printing initiatives. In 2013, it carried out Asia’s first in-store 3D printing retail experience at a Toys R Us outlet in Hong Kong. Li& Fung has also explored the possibility of teaming up with other companies like Samsung Electronics Co to drive the technology further.
  • “In Asia, the markets in Japan, China and South Korea are more mature in terms of 3D printing, but we can see many regions like Southeast Asia and central Asia are joining the game in trading and applications,” Shao says. “3D printing technology has been growing fast in China with more than 100 companies involved in industry, biomedicine, creative (industries), architecture, materials and software. China’s 3D printing market has seen more than 40 percent growth for two consecutive years,” says Luo. China’s Ministry of Science and Technology has included 3D printing technology in the National High-Tech Research and Development Program, which sponsors research in key high-technology fields. The Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, or MIIT, is accelerating the process to launch support policies. “The Ministry of Education is planning to bring 3D printers into schools,” Luo adds.

http://www.ecns.cn/business/2015/02-02/153208.shtml

Chinese Firm Builds 12,000-Square-Foot 3D Mansion Made of Scraps

John Lucero | Jan 28, 2015 11:42 AM EST

  • The newest mansion in China is made of recycled materials and was constructed using a 3D printer. The 3D mansion was developed by the Chinese company WinSun using construction waste and recycled stone. Aside from the mansion, Winson also 3D-printed a five-story apartment building in one day and 10 affordable houses, all from recycled materials. To print the mansion, WinSun constructed a 20-foot-high by 4,000-foot-long printer, basically a larger-than-life 3D printer. The printer combined recycled materials and quick-dry cement and printed layers of the pasty material in diagonal shapes. The printed material is then left to dry. The printed pieces are then reinforced with steel and filled with insulation like any other ordinary house wall.
  • The WinSun 3D five-story apartment building took one whole day to print and five days to be put together using construction waste and minimal labor. The mansion also saved on construction materials and manpower costs. The whole mansion costs only $161,000 all in all. WinSun is looking to use the same efficient and low-cost construction materials and build bridges and skyscrapers. The company has already proven that it can be done. Last March, WinSun constructed 10 houses at $5,000 each using a 3D printer.

http://en.yibada.com/articles/10891/20150128/12-000-square-foot-3d-mansion-made-of-scraps.htm

Chinese Doctors Build 3D Printed Model to Repair a Shattered Shoulder

by TE Edwards · January 22, 2015

  • Chinese doctors and technicians have used 3D printing to treat an injury referred to as “floating shoulder,” a condition so dangerous to a patient that it often results in death. The ‘‘floating shoulder’’ injury is essentially a combination of ipsilateral scapular neck and clavicular shaft fractures. It’s an injury caused by a high-energy trauma directly onto the shoulder, and traffic accidents are generally the culprit.
  • http://i.imgur.com/paDcVCY.jpg
  • Based on the patient’s CT data, the fracture model was built with a digital orthopedic workstation called Mimics from Materialise. Once the image of the 3D model was smoothed, the area of the fracture was sliced using Cura 5.0 to produce the necessary files, and then Rhinoceros 5.0 was used to create the printer files. The data was then sent to an industrial-grade FDM 3D printer to print the surgical planning model. As part of the preoperative process, the 3D printed model of the injured shoulder was used to evaluate the size and shape of the defect, then to simulate the operation and map out a plan for the operation.
  • The 3D visualization model was produced to precisely show the anatomical details of the tissues and bones affected, and that allowed the team of surgeons on the case to have an accurate visualization for their preoperative surgical planning. The team say the result was reduced operative time and a much better operative outcome. They add that having a reference to prepare for the operation also aided them in properly building the shape and curvature of the plates needed to support the repairs done to the patient’s shoulder.

http://3dprint.com/38861/shattered-shoulder-3d-model/

3D Printed Spacer Could Improve Hip Replacement Surgery

by Phil Taylor · January 16, 2015

  • Researchers in China and the US have taken the spacer technology to the next level by 3D printing it to fit the patient perfectly using a ‘bioceramic’ sheath made from hydroxyapatite and calcium phosphate, a material already being used to make 3D printed artificial bone in Japan that can be used for grafts, around a bone cement pillar. In addition, the team from Third Military Medical University in Chongqing, China, and Brigham and Women’s Hospital in Boston are impregnating the calcium phosphate spacer with not only antibiotics to fight infection but also biologically-active compounds that encourage the regrowth of bone.
  • The approach has only been made possible by the rapid development of 3D printing technology, including the ability to print materials at low temperatures that preserve the activity of sensitive, bioactive substances, say the scientists, who have reported their work in the Journal of Medical Hypotheses and Ideas. Zprinter 450The team made a prototype at room temperature using a commercial ZPrinter 450 manufactured by ZCorp (owned by 3D Systems since 2012) and subjected the idea to a battery of laboratory tests before trying it out in an animal model.
  • The scientists say they now intend to carry out additional biomechanical and biophysicochemical tests in order to optimize design of the spacer. In particular, they would like to tweak the thickness and porosity of the bioceramic sheath, look at different compositions to improve its biocompatibility with human tissues, and how well it can release its payload of drugs and bone-stimulating proteins.

http://3dprint.com/37426/3d-printed-spacer-for-hip/

World’s first 3D-printed apartment building constructed in China

A Chinese company has successfully 3D printed a five-storey apartment building and a 1,100 square metre villa from a special print material.

by Michelle Starr

http://i.imgur.com/TUGbpyy.jpg

  • While architectural firms compete with their designs for 3D-printed dwellings, one company in China has quietly been setting about getting the job done. In March of last year, company WinSun claimed to have printed 10 houses in 24 hours, using a proprietary 3D printer that uses a mixture of ground construction and industrial waste, such as glass and tailings, around a base of quick-drying cement mixed with a special hardening agent. Now, WinSun has further demonstrated the efficacy of its technology — with a five-storey apartment building and a 1,100 square metre (11,840 square foot) villa, complete with decorative elements inside and out, on display at Suzhou Industrial Park.
  • The 3D printer array, developed by Ma Yihe, who has been inventing 3D printers for over a decade, stands 6.6 metres high, 10 metres wide and 40 metres long (20 by 33 by 132 feet). This fabricates the parts in large pieces at WinSun’s facility. The structures are then assembled on-site, complete with steel reinforcements and insulation in order to comply with official building standards. Although the company hasn’t revealed how large it can print pieces, based on photographs on its website, they are quite sizeable. A CAD design is used as a template, and the computer uses this to control the extruder arm to lay down the material “much like how a baker might ice a cake,” WinSun said. The walls are printed hollow, with a zig-zagging pattern inside to provide reinforcement. This also leaves space for insulation.
  • This process saves between 30 and 60 percent of construction waste, and can decrease production times by between 50 and 70 percent, and labour costs by between 50 and 80 percent. In all, the villa costs around $161,000 to build. And, using recycled materials in this way, the buildings decrease the need for quarried stone and other materials — resulting in a construction method that is both environmentally forward and cost effective. In time, the company hopes to use its technology on much larger scale constructions, such as bridges and even skyscrapers.

http://www.cnet.com/news/worlds-first-3d-printed-apartment-building-constructed-in-china/

3D printed houses seen in China’s Suzhou

English.news.cn | 2015-01-18 22:06:51 | Editor: An

http://news.xinhuanet.com/english/photo/2015-01/18/c_133928093.htm

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